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  1. Content type: Research

    Organ failure, including acute kidney injury (AKI), is the third leading cause of death after bleeding and brain injury in trauma patients. We sought to assess the prevalence, the risk factors and the impact o...

    Authors: Anatole Harrois, Benjamin Soyer, Tobias Gauss, Sophie Hamada, Mathieu Raux and Jacques Duranteau

    Citation: Critical Care 2018 22:344

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  2. Content type: Research

    Cytomegalovirus (CMV) reactivation in previously immunocompetent critically ill patients is associated with increased mortality, which has been hypothesized to result from virus-induced immunomodulation. There...

    Authors: Kirsten van de Groep, Stefan Nierkens, Olaf L. Cremer, Linda M. Peelen, Peter M. C. Klein Klouwenberg, Marcus J. Schultz, C. Erik Hack, Tom van der Poll, Marc J. M. Bonten and David S. Y. Ong

    Citation: Critical Care 2018 22:348

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  3. Content type: Research

    Sepsis is a heterogeneous disease and identification of its subclasses may facilitate and optimize clinical management. This study aimed to identify subclasses of sepsis and its responses to different amounts ...

    Authors: Zhongheng Zhang, Gensheng Zhang, Hemant Goyal, Lei Mo and Yucai Hong

    Citation: Critical Care 2018 22:347

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  4. Content type: Research

    Critical illness polyneuromyopathy (CIPNM) is a major cause of weakness in intensive care unit (ICU) patients, but current diagnostic tests are limited. We evaluated the generalizability and validity of single...

    Authors: Daniel A. Kelmenson, Dianna Quan and Marc Moss

    Citation: Critical Care 2018 22:342

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  5. Content type: Research

    Tigecycline is a vital antibiotic treatment option for infections caused by multiresistant bacteria in the intensive care unit (ICU). Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common complication in the ICU requiring con...

    Authors: A. Broeker, S. G. Wicha, C. Dorn, A. Kratzer, M. Schleibinger, F. Kees, A. Heininger, M. G. Kees and H. Häberle

    Citation: Critical Care 2018 22:341

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  6. Content type: Review

    Recently, the use of nebulized antibiotics in the intensive care unit, in particular amikacin, has been the subject of much discussion, owing to unconvincing results from the latest randomized clinical trials....

    Authors: Antoni Torres, Anna Motos, Denise Battaglini and Gianluigi Li Bassi

    Citation: Critical Care 2018 22:343

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  7. Content type: Research

    Prior retrospective cross-sectional work has associated antimicrobials with a non-specific phrase: encephalopathy without seizures. The purpose of this study is to determine whether different classes of antimi...

    Authors: Jessica J. Grahl, Joanna L. Stollings, Shayan Rakhit, Anna K. Person, Li Wang, Jennifer L. Thompson, Pratik P. Pandharipande, E. Wesley Ely and Mayur B. Patel

    Citation: Critical Care 2018 22:337

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  8. Content type: Research

    Dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase 2 (DDAH2) regulates the synthesis of nitric oxide (NO) through the metabolism of the endogenous inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase, asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA). P...

    Authors: Simon Lambden, James Tomlinson, Sophie Piper, Anthony C. Gordon and James Leiper

    Citation: Critical Care 2018 22:336

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  9. Content type: Research

    The management of complaints in the setting of intensive care may provide opportunities to understand patient and family experiences and needs. However, there are limited reports on the structured application ...

    Authors: Jih-Shuin Jerng, Szu-Fen Huang, Hsin-Yu Yu, Yi-Chun Chan, Huang-Ju Liang, Huey-Wen Liang and Jui-Sheng Sun

    Citation: Critical Care 2018 22:335

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  10. Content type: Research

    Sepsis-associated brain dysfunction (SABD) is associated with high morbidity and mortality. The pathophysiology of SABD is multifactorial. One hypothesis is that impaired cerebral autoregulation (CAR) may resu...

    Authors: Ilaria Alice Crippa, Carles Subirà, Jean-Louis Vincent, Rafael Fernandez Fernandez, Silvia Cano Hernandez, Federica Zama Cavicchi, Jacques Creteur and Fabio Silvio Taccone

    Citation: Critical Care 2018 22:327

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  11. Content type: Research

    The study objective was to assess the influence of neutropenia on outcome of critically ill cancer patients by meta-analysis of individual data. Secondary objectives were to assess the influence of neutropenia...

    Authors: Quentin Georges, Elie Azoulay, Djamel Mokart, Marcio Soares, Kyeongman Jeon, Sandra Oeyen, Chin Kook Rhee, Pascale Gruber, Marlies Ostermann, Quentin A. Hill, Pieter Depuydt, Christelle Ferra, Anne-Claire Toffart, Peter Schellongowski, Alice Müller, Virginie Lemiale…

    Citation: Critical Care 2018 22:326

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  12. Content type: Research

    In most countries, patients receiving mechanical ventilation (MV) are treated in intensive care units (ICUs). However, in some countries, including Japan, many patients on MV are not treated in ICUs. There are...

    Authors: Yoshiaki Iwashita, Kazuto Yamashita, Hiroshi Ikai, Masamitsu Sanui, Hiroshi Imai and Yuichi Imanaka

    Citation: Critical Care 2018 22:329

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  13. Content type: Letter

    Acute respiratory failure related to diffuse alveolar hemorrhage (DAH) is a typical presentation of small-vessel vasculitis that requires prompt multidisciplinary management. The primary treatment is based on ...

    Authors: Guillaume Geri, Benjamin Terrier, Farhad Heshmati, Hanafi Moussaoui, Julien Massot, Jean-Paul Mira, Luc Mouthon and Frédéric Pène

    Citation: Critical Care 2018 22:328

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  14. Content type: Research

    Maximal left ventricular (LV) pressure rise (LV dP/dtmax), a classical marker of LV systolic function, requires LV catheterization, thus surrogate arterial pressure waveform measures have been proposed. We compar...

    Authors: Manuel Ignacio Monge Garcia, Zhongping Jian, Jos J. Settels, Charles Hunley, Maurizio Cecconi, Feras Hatib and Michael R. Pinsky

    Citation: Critical Care 2018 22:325

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  15. Content type: Research

    Survivors of intensive care are known to be at increased risk of developing longer-term psychopathology issues. We present a large UK multicentre study assessing the anxiety, depression and post-traumatic stre...

    Authors: Robert Hatch, Duncan Young, Vicki Barber, John Griffiths, David A. Harrison and Peter Watkinson

    Citation: Critical Care 2018 22:310

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  16. Content type: Research

    Sepsis is a leading cause of death and long-term disability in developed countries. A comprehensive report on the incidence, clinical characteristics, and evolving management of sepsis is important. Thus, this...

    Authors: Toshikazu Abe, Hiroshi Ogura, Atsushi Shiraishi, Shigeki Kushimoto, Daizoh Saitoh, Seitaro Fujishima, Toshihiko Mayumi, Yasukazu Shiino, Taka-aki Nakada, Takehiko Tarui, Toru Hifumi, Yasuhiro Otomo, Kohji Okamoto, Yutaka Umemura, Joji Kotani, Yuichiro Sakamoto…

    Citation: Critical Care 2018 22:322

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  17. Content type: Research

    We evaluated whether Alberta Stroke Program Early Computed Tomography Score (ASPECTS) with some modifications could be used to predict neurological outcomes in patients after extracorporeal cardiopulmonary res...

    Authors: Jeong-Am Ryu, Young Hwan Lee, Chi Ryang Chung, Yang Hyun Cho, Kiick Sung, Kyeongman Jeon, Gee Young Suh, Taek Kyu Park, Joo Myung Lee, Minjung Kathy Chae, Jeong-Ho Hong, Sei Hee Lee, Hyoung Soo Kim and Jeong Hoon Yang

    Citation: Critical Care 2018 22:323

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  18. Content type: Research

    Infected pancreatic necrosis, which occurs in about 40% of patients admitted for acute necrotizing pancreatitis, requires combined antibiotic therapy and local drainage. Since 2010, drainage by open surgical n...

    Authors: Lucie Darrivere, Nathanael Lapidus, Nikias Colignon, Najim Chafai, Ulriikka Chaput, Franck Verdonk, François Paye and Thomas Lescot

    Citation: Critical Care 2018 22:321

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  19. Content type: Research

    Following a fatal intensive care unit (ICU) outbreak of carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumanii (CRAB) in 2015, an aggressive infection control intervention was instituted. We outline the intervention and lon...

    Authors: Eli Ben-Chetrit, Yonit Wiener-Well, Emil Lesho, Puah Kopuit, Chaya Broyer, Liora Bier, Marc V. Assous, Shmuel Benenson, Matan J. Cohen, Patrick T. McGann, Erik Snesrud and Phillip D. Levin

    Citation: Critical Care 2018 22:319

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  20. Content type: Research

    Septic shock is the most severe complication of sepsis and this syndrome is associated with high mortality. Treatment of septic shock remains largely supportive of hemodynamics and tissue perfusion. Early chan...

    Authors: Matteo Barcella, Bernardo Bollen Pinto, Daniele Braga, Francesca D’Avila, Federico Tagliaferri, Marie-Angelique Cazalis, Guillaume Monneret, Antoine Herpain, Karim Bendjelid and Cristina Barlassina

    Citation: Critical Care 2018 22:312

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  21. Content type: Research

    The interaction between hyperaldosteronism and immune dysfunction has been reported and glucocorticoid co-secretion is frequently found in primary aldosteronism (PA). The aforementioned conditions raise the po...

    Authors: Chieh-Kai Chan, Ya-Hui Hu, Likwang Chen, Chin-Chen Chang, Yu-Feng Lin, Tai-Shuan Lai, Kuo-How Huang, Yen-Hung Lin, Vin-Cent Wu and Kwan-Dun Wu

    Citation: Critical Care 2018 22:313

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  22. Content type: Research

    Iron deficiency is difficult to diagnose in critically ill patients, but may be frequent and may impair recovery. Measurement of hepcidin could help in the diagnosis of iron deficiency. We aim to assess if iro...

    Authors: Sigismond Lasocki, Thibaud Lefebvre, Claire Mayeur, Hervé Puy, Alexandre Mebazaa and Etienne Gayat

    Citation: Critical Care 2018 22:314

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  23. Content type: Research

    Sepsis is an important cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality; therefore, the early diagnosis of neonatal sepsis is essential.

    Authors: Lin Ruan, Guan-Yu Chen, Zhen Liu, Yun Zhao, Guang-Yu Xu, Shu-Fang Li, Chun-Ni Li, Lin-Shan Chen and Zheng Tao

    Citation: Critical Care 2018 22:316

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  24. Content type: Research

    Patients in refractory status epilepticus (RSE) may require treatment with continuous intravenous anesthetic drugs (cIVADs) for seizure control. The use of cIVADs, however, was recently associated with poor ou...

    Authors: Dominik Madžar, Caroline Reindl, Antje Giede-Jeppe, Tobias Bobinger, Maximilian I. Sprügel, Ruben U. Knappe, Hajo M. Hamer and Hagen B. Huttner

    Citation: Critical Care 2018 22:317

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  25. Content type: Research

    We sought to determine the effects of alternative resuscitation strategies on microcirculatory perfusion and examine any association between microcirculatory perfusion and mortality in sepsis.

    Authors: Michael J. Massey, Peter C. Hou, Michael Filbin, Henry Wang, Long Ngo, David T. Huang, William C. Aird, Victor Novack, Stephen Trzeciak, Donald M. Yealy, John A. Kellum, Derek C. Angus and Nathan I. Shapiro

    Citation: Critical Care 2018 22:308

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  26. Content type: Research

    Reports of increasing incidence rates of delirium in critically ill children are reason for concern. We evaluated the measurement properties of the pediatric delirium component (PD-scale) of the Sophia Observa...

    Authors: Erwin Ista, Babette van Beusekom, Joost van Rosmalen, Martin C. J. Kneyber, Joris Lemson, Arno Brouwers, Gwen C. Dieleman, Bram Dierckx, Matthijs de Hoog, Dick Tibboel and Monique van Dijk

    Citation: Critical Care 2018 22:309

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  27. Content type: Research

    Despite modern intensive care with standardized strategies against acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), Pneumocystis pneumonia (PcP) remains a life-threatening disease with a high mortality rate. Here, we ...

    Authors: Julius J. Schmidt, Catherina Lueck, Stefan Ziesing, Matthias Stoll, Hermann Haller, Jens Gottlieb, Matthias Eder, Tobias Welte, Marius M. Hoeper, André Scherag and Sascha David

    Citation: Critical Care 2018 22:307

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  28. Content type: Research

    Acute kidney injury (AKI) is associated with high morbidity and mortality in surgical patients. Nonrecovery from AKI may increase mortality and early risk stratification seems key to improving clinical outcome...

    Authors: Hui-Miao Jia, Yue Zheng, Li-Feng Huang, Xin Xin, Wen-Liang Ma, Yi-Jia Jiang, Xi Zheng, Shu-Yan Guo and Wen-Xiong Li

    Citation: Critical Care 2018 22:305

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  29. Content type: Research

    High tidal volume ventilation of healthy lungs or exacerbation of existing acute lung injury (ALI) by more moderate mechanical ventilation (MTV) produces ventilator-induced lung injury. It is less clear whethe...

    Authors: Xibing Ding, Yao Tong, Shuqing Jin, Zhixia Chen, Tunliang Li, Timothy R. Billiar, Bruce R. Pitt, Quan Li and Li-Ming Zhang

    Citation: Critical Care 2018 22:302

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  30. Content type: Research

    We aimed to investigate the extent of the agreement on practices around brain death and postmortem organ donation.

    Authors: Ernest van Veen, Mathieu van der Jagt, Maryse C. Cnossen, Andrew I. R. Maas, Inez D. de Beaufort, David K. Menon, Giuseppe Citerio, Nino Stocchetti, Wim J. R. Rietdijk, Jeroen T. J. M. van Dijck and Erwin J. O. Kompanje

    Citation: Critical Care 2018 22:306

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  31. Content type: Review

    Aerosolized antibiotics have been proposed as a novel and promising treatment option for the treatment of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). However, the optimum aerosolized antibiotics for VAP remain unce...

    Authors: Feng Xu, Lu-Lu He, Luan-Qing Che, Wen Li, Song-Min Ying, Zhi-Hua Chen and Hua-Hao Shen

    Citation: Critical Care 2018 22:301

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    The Editorial to this article has been published in Critical Care 2018 22:333

  32. Content type: Editorial

    Selective decontamination of the digestive tract (SDD) has been with us since the early days of our specialty, and in some ways it marks our progression and maturation. How we have dealt with SDD to date range...

    Authors: Brian H. Cuthbertson

    Citation: Critical Care 2018 22:296

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    The original article was published in Critical Care 2018 22:243