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  1. Content type: Research

    Although targeted temperature management (TTM) is recommended in comatose survivors after cardiac arrest (CA), the optimal method to deliver TTM remains unknown. We performed a meta-analysis to evaluate the ef...

    Authors: Lorenzo Calabró, Wulfran Bougouin, Alain Cariou, Chiara De Fazio, Markus Skrifvars, Eldar Soreide, Jacques Creteur, Hans Kirkegaard, Stéphane Legriel, Jean-Baptiste Lascarrou, Bruno Megarbane, Nicolas Deye and Fabio Silvio Taccone

    Citation: Critical Care 2019 23:285

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  2. Content type: Research

    Intensive care units (ICUs) face financial, bed management, and staffing constraints. Detailed data covering all aspects of patients’ journeys into and through intensive care are now collected and stored in el...

    Authors: Duncan Shillan, Jonathan A. C. Sterne, Alan Champneys and Ben Gibbison

    Citation: Critical Care 2019 23:284

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  3. Content type: Research

    Altered coagulation and alveolar injury are the hallmarks of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). However, whether the biomarkers that reflect pathophysiology differ depending on the etiology of ARDS ha...

    Authors: Kansuke Koyama, Shinshu Katayama, Ken Tonai, Jun Shima, Toshitaka Koinuma and Shin Nunomiya

    Citation: Critical Care 2019 23:283

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  4. Content type: Research

    Early diagnosis of acute kidney injury (AKI) is a major challenge in the intensive care unit (ICU). The AKIpredictor is a set of machine-learning-based prediction models for AKI using routinely collected patie...

    Authors: Marine Flechet, Stefano Falini, Claudia Bonetti, Fabian Güiza, Miet Schetz, Greet Van den Berghe and Geert Meyfroidt

    Citation: Critical Care 2019 23:282

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  5. Content type: Research

    A peripheral perfusion-targeted resuscitation during early septic shock has shown encouraging results. Capillary refill time, which has a prognostic value, was used. Adding accuracy and predictability on capil...

    Authors: Matthias Jacquet-Lagrèze, Nourredine Bouhamri, Philippe Portran, Rémi Schweizer, Florent Baudin, Marc Lilot, William Fornier and Jean-Luc Fellahi

    Citation: Critical Care 2019 23:281

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  6. Content type: Review

    Thrombomodulin plays a vital role in maintaining intravascular patency due to its anticoagulant, antiinflammatory, and cytoprotective properties. However, under pathological conditions such as sepsis and syste...

    Authors: Takashi Ito, Jecko Thachil, Hidesaku Asakura, Jerrold H. Levy and Toshiaki Iba

    Citation: Critical Care 2019 23:280

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  7. Content type: Research

    The rapid development in big data analytics and the data-rich environment of intensive care units together provide unprecedented opportunities for medical breakthroughs in the field of critical care. We develo...

    Authors: Soo Yeon Kim, Saehoon Kim, Joongbum Cho, Young Suh Kim, In Suk Sol, Youngchul Sung, Inhyeok Cho, Minseop Park, Haerin Jang, Yoon Hee Kim, Kyung Won Kim and Myung Hyun Sohn

    Citation: Critical Care 2019 23:279

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  8. Content type: Research

    As many as 90% of patients develop anemia by their third day in an intensive care unit (ICU). We evaluated the efficacy of interventions to reduce phlebotomy-related blood loss on the volume of blood lost, hem...

    Authors: Nedra S. Whitehead, Laurina O. Williams, Sreelatha Meleth, Sara M. Kennedy, Nneka Ubaka-Blackmoore, Sharon M. Geaghan, James H. Nichols, Patrick Carroll, Michael T. McEvoy, Julie Gayken, Dennis J. Ernst, Christine Litwin, Paul Epner, Jennifer Taylor and Mark L. Graber

    Citation: Critical Care 2019 23:278

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  9. Content type: Research

    Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms are common in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) survivors. Brief screening instruments are needed for clinical and research purposes. We evaluated interna...

    Authors: Megan M. Hosey, Jeannie-Marie S. Leoutsakos, Ximin Li, Victor D. Dinglas, O. Joseph Bienvenu, Ann M. Parker, Ramona O. Hopkins, Dale M. Needham and Karin J. Neufeld

    Citation: Critical Care 2019 23:276

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  10. Content type: Research

    Invasive fungal infections (IFI) are difficult to diagnose, especially in critically ill patients. As the mannose receptor (MR) is shed from macrophage cell surfaces after exposure to fungi, we investigate whe...

    Authors: Greet De Vlieger, Ilse Vanhorebeek, Pieter J. Wouters, Inge Derese, Michael P. Casaer, Yves Debaveye, Greet Hermans, Philippe Meersseman, Holger J. Møller, Greet Van den Berghe and Catherine Ingels

    Citation: Critical Care 2019 23:270

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  11. Content type: Research

    Data that indicate vitamin A status in critically ill children with sepsis are sparse. The association between serum vitamin A levels and the clinical outcomes of sepsis has not been well assessed. The aim of ...

    Authors: Xuepeng Zhang, Kaiying Yang, Linwen Chen, Xuelian Liao, Liping Deng, Siyuan Chen and Yi Ji

    Citation: Critical Care 2019 23:267

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  12. Content type: Review

    Veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (V-A ECMO) is an increasingly adopted life-saving mechanical circulatory support for a number of potentially reversible or treatable cardiac diseases. It is al...

    Authors: Eleonora Bonicolini, Gennaro Martucci, Jorik Simons, Giuseppe M. Raffa, Cristina Spina, Valeria Lo Coco, Antonio Arcadipane, Michele Pilato and Roberto Lorusso

    Citation: Critical Care 2019 23:266

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  13. Content type: Research

    Bedside functional hemodynamic assessment has gained in popularity in the last years to overcome the limitations of static or dynamic indexes in predicting fluid responsiveness. The aim of this systematic revi...

    Authors: Antonio Messina, Antonio Dell’Anna, Marta Baggiani, Flavia Torrini, Gian Marco Maresca, Victoria Bennett, Laura Saderi, Giovanni Sotgiu, Massimo Antonelli and Maurizio Cecconi

    Citation: Critical Care 2019 23:264

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  14. Content type: Research

    We assessed the effect of liberal versus restrictive red blood cell transfusion strategy on survival outcome in sepsis or septic shock by systematically reviewing the literature and synthesizing evidence from ...

    Authors: Yohei Hirano, Yukari Miyoshi, Yutaka Kondo, Ken Okamoto and Hiroshi Tanaka

    Citation: Critical Care 2019 23:262

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  15. Content type: Research

    For every day a person is dependent on mechanical ventilation, respiratory and cardiac complications increase, quality of life decreases and costs increase by > $USD 1500. Interventions that improve respirator...

    Authors: Euan J. McCaughey, Annemijn H. Jonkman, Claire L. Boswell-Ruys, Rachel A. McBain, Elizabeth A. Bye, Anna L. Hudson, David W. Collins, Leo M. A. Heunks, Angus J. McLachlan, Simon C. Gandevia and Jane E. Butler

    Citation: Critical Care 2019 23:261

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  16. Content type: Research

    The endothelial glycocalyx (eGC) covers the luminal surface of the vascular endothelium and plays an important protective role in systemic inflammatory states and particularly in sepsis. Its breakdown leads to...

    Authors: Alexandros Rovas, Laura Mareen Seidel, Hans Vink, Timo Pohlkötter, Hermann Pavenstädt, Christian Ertmer, Michael Hessler and Philipp Kümpers

    Citation: Critical Care 2019 23:260

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  17. Content type: Research

    Intravenous fluids, an essential component of sepsis resuscitation, may paradoxically worsen outcomes by exacerbating endothelial injury. Preclinical models suggest that fluid resuscitation degrades the endoth...

    Authors: Joseph A. Hippensteel, Ryo Uchimido, Patrick D. Tyler, Ryan C. Burke, Xiaorui Han, Fuming Zhang, Sarah A. McMurtry, James F. Colbert, Christopher J. Lindsell, Derek C. Angus, John A. Kellum, Donald M. Yealy, Robert J. Linhardt, Nathan I. Shapiro and Eric P. Schmidt

    Citation: Critical Care 2019 23:259

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  18. Content type: Research

    Diagnosis of significant coronary artery disease (CAD) and acute coronary artery occlusion in ICU can be difficult, and an inappropriate intervention is potentially harmful. Myocardial contrast perfusion echo ...

    Authors: Sam Orde, Michel Slama, Faraz Pathan, Stephen Huang and Anthony Mclean

    Citation: Critical Care 2019 23:257

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  19. Content type: Research

    Acute kidney injury (AKI) after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is a well-known predictor for mortality. However, the natural course of AKI including recovery rate after OHCA is uncertain. This study inv...

    Authors: Yoo Seok Park, Yoon Hee Choi, Je Hyeok Oh, In Soo Cho, Kyoung-Chul Cha, Byung-Sun Choi and Je Sung You

    Citation: Critical Care 2019 23:256

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  20. Content type: Correction

    In the publication of this article [1], there are two errors in contributing author affiliations. This has now been included in this correction article.

    Authors: Kordo Saeed, Darius Cameron Wilson, Frank Bloos, Philipp Schuetz, Yuri van der Does, Olle Melander, Pierre Hausfater, Jacopo M. Legramante, Yann-Erick Claessens, Deveendra Amin, Mari Rosenqvist, Graham White, Beat Mueller, Maarten Limper, Carlota Clemente Callejo, Antonella Brandi…

    Citation: Critical Care 2019 23:255

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    The original article was published in Critical Care 2019 23:40

  21. Content type: Research

    Although low tidal volume is strongly recommended for acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), whether or not the benefit varies according to the severity of ARDS remains unclear. This study aimed to invest...

    Authors: Yanfei Shen, Guolong Cai, Shijin Gong, Lei Dong, Jing Yan and Wanru Cai

    Citation: Critical Care 2019 23:254

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  22. Content type: Research

    Cognitive impairment and psychological distress are common in intensive care unit (ICU) survivors. Early identification of affected individuals is important, so intervention and treatment can be utilized at an...

    Authors: Emily Brück, Jacob W. Larsson, Julie Lasselin, Matteo Bottai, Tatja Hirvikoski, Eva Sundman, Michael Eberhardson, Peter Sackey and Peder S. Olofsson

    Citation: Critical Care 2019 23:253

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  23. Content type: Research

    To compare the efficacy of systemic treatment with linezolid (LNZ) versus vancomycin (VAN) on methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) burden and eradication in endotracheal tube (ETT) biofilm and ETT c...

    Authors: Laia Fernández-Barat, Ana Motos, Mauro Panigada, Francisco Álvarez-Lerma, Lucía Viña, Ruben Lopez-Aladid, Adrian Ceccato, Gianluigi Li Bassi, David P. Nicolau, Yuli Lopez, Laura Muñoz, Laura Guerrero, Dolors Soy, Trinidad Israel, Pedro Castro and Antoni Torres

    Citation: Critical Care 2019 23:251

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  24. Content type: Research

    Socioeconomic variables impact health outcomes but have rarely been evaluated in critical illness. Low- and middle-income countries bear the highest burden of sepsis and also have significant health inequities...

    Authors: Elisa Estenssoro, Cecilia I. Loudet, Vanina S. K. Edul, Javier Osatnik, Fernando G. Ríos, Daniela N. Vásquez, Mario O. Pozo, Bernardo Lattanzio, Fernando Pálizas, Francisco Klein, Damián Piezny, Paolo N. Rubatto Birri, Graciela Tuhay, Anatilde Díaz, Analía Santamaría, Graciela Zakalik…

    Citation: Critical Care 2019 23:250

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  25. Content type: Research

    Recent studies have suggested a low potential risk for contrast medium-induced kidney injury in patients with relatively normal renal function. However, whether contrast media cause additional deterioration of...

    Authors: Yuya Goto, Kansuke Koyama, Shinshu Katayama, Ken Tonai, Jun Shima, Toshitaka Koinuma and Shin Nunomiya

    Citation: Critical Care 2019 23:249

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  26. Content type: Research

    Sufentanil is commonly used for analgesia and sedation during extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). Both ECMO and the pathophysiological changes derived from critical illness have significant effects on ...

    Authors: Jongsung Hahn, Seungwon Yang, Kyoung Lok Min, Dasohm Kim, Byung Hak Jin, Changhun Park, Min Soo Park, Jin Wi and Min Jung Chang

    Citation: Critical Care 2019 23:248

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  27. Content type: Research

    Sepsis remains a complex medical problem and a major challenge in healthcare. Diagnostics and outcome predictions are focused on physiological parameters with less consideration given to patients’ medical back...

    Authors: Zsolt Zador, Alexander Landry, Michael D. Cusimano and Nophar Geifman

    Citation: Critical Care 2019 23:247

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  28. Content type: Research

    In critically ill patients, poor patient-ventilator interaction may worsen outcomes. Although sedatives are often administered to improve comfort and facilitate ventilation, they can be deleterious. Whether op...

    Authors: Candelaria de Haro, Rudys Magrans, Josefina López-Aguilar, Jaume Montanyà, Enrico Lena, Carles Subirà, Sol Fernandez-Gonzalo, Gemma Gomà, Rafael Fernández, Guillermo M. Albaiceta, Yoanna Skrobik, Umberto Lucangelo, Gastón Murias, Ana Ochagavia, Robert M. Kacmarek, Montserrat Rue…

    Citation: Critical Care 2019 23:245

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  29. Content type: Research

    Epidemiologic data have shown an increasing incidence and declining mortality rate in sepsis. However, confounding effects due to differences in disease classification might have contributed to these trends.

    Authors: Robert Luhr, Yang Cao, Bo Söderquist and Sara Cajander

    Citation: Critical Care 2019 23:241

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  30. Content type: Research

    ICU-acquired weakness is a debilitating consequence of prolonged critical illness that is associated with poor outcome. Recently, premorbid obesity has been shown to protect against such illness-induced muscle...

    Authors: Chloë Goossens, Ruben Weckx, Sarah Derde, Thomas Dufour, Sarah Vander Perre, Lies Pauwels, Steven E. Thiessen, Paul P. Van Veldhoven, Greet Van den Berghe and Lies Langouche

    Citation: Critical Care 2019 23:236

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