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  1. Content type: Research

    In evidence-based medicine, multicenter, prospective, randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are the gold standard for evaluating treatment benefits and ensuring the effectiveness of interventions. Patient-center...

    Authors: Rogerio da Hora Passos, Joao Gabriel Rosa Ramos, André Gobatto, Juliana Caldas, Etienne Macedo and Paulo Benigno Batista

    Citation: Critical Care 2018 22:106

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  2. Content type: Research

    Rapid and accurate diagnosis of neonatal sepsis is highly warranted because of high associated morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of a novel multiplex PCR assay for ...

    Authors: Marre van den Brand, Frank A. M. van den Dungen, Martine P. Bos, Mirjam M. van Weissenbruch, A. Marceline van Furth, Annemieke de Lange, Anna Rubenjan, Remco P. H. Peters and Paul H. M. Savelkoul

    Citation: Critical Care 2018 22:105

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  3. Content type: Research

    Resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA), which has been increasingly used for the management of hemorrhagic shock, is a less invasive strategy for the management of patients with very...

    Authors: Ryota Sato, Akira Kuriyama, Rei Takaesu, Nobuhiro Miyamae, Wataru Iwanaga, Hayato Tokuda and Takehiro Umemura

    Citation: Critical Care 2018 22:103

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  4. Content type: Research

    The timing of initiation of renal replacement therapy (RRT) in severe acute kidney injury (AKI) remains controversial, with early initiation resulting in unnecessary therapy for some patients while expectant t...

    Authors: Nuttha Lumlertgul, Sadudee Peerapornratana, Thananda Trakarnvanich, Wanjak Pongsittisak, Kajbundit Surasit, Anan Chuasuwan, Pleumjit Tankee, Khajohn Tiranathanagul, Kearkiat Praditpornsilpa, Kriang Tungsanga, Somchai Eiam-Ong, John A. Kellum and Nattachai Srisawat

    Citation: Critical Care 2018 22:101

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  5. Content type: Research

    The aim was to describe transfusion practice in critically ill patients at an international level and evaluate the effects of red blood cell (RBC) transfusion on outcomes in these patients.

    Authors: Jean-Louis Vincent, Ulrich Jaschinski, Xavier Wittebole, Jean-Yves Lefrant, Stephan M. Jakob, Ghaleb A. Almekhlafi, Tommaso Pellis, Swagata Tripathy, Paolo N. Rubatto Birri and Yasser Sakr

    Citation: Critical Care 2018 22:102

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  6. Content type: Research

    The modifiable prehospital system factors, bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), emergency medical services (EMS), response time, and EMS physician attendance, may affect short- and long-term survival...

    Authors: Wenche Torunn Mathiesen, Conrad Arnfinn Bjørshol, Jan Terje Kvaløy and Eldar Søreide

    Citation: Critical Care 2018 22:99

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  7. Content type: Research

    Admission to the intensive care unit (ICU) outside daytime hours has been shown to be variably associated with increased morbidity and mortality. We aimed to describe the characteristics and outcomes of patien...

    Authors: Adam M. Hall, Henry T. Stelfox, Xioaming Wang, Guanmin Chen, Danny J. Zuege, Peter Dodek, Allan Garland, Damon C. Scales, Luc Berthiaume, David A. Zygun and Sean M. Bagshaw

    Citation: Critical Care 2018 22:97

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  8. Content type: Research

    Sepsis remains a major cause of mortality in critical care, for which specific treatments are lacking. The dysregulated response to infection seen in sepsis includes features of lymphocyte dysfunction and exha...

    Authors: Julie K. Wilson, Yuan Zhao, Mervyn Singer, Jo Spencer and Manu Shankar-Hari

    Citation: Critical Care 2018 22:95

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  9. Content type: Research

    Patients on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) are often among the most severely ill in the intensive care unit. They are often receiving broad-spectrum antibiotics; they have multiple entry points for...

    Authors: Yiorgos Alexandros Cavayas, Hakeem Yusuff and Richard Porter

    Citation: Critical Care 2018 22:98

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  10. Content type: Research

    The prevalence and mortality of sepsis are largely unknown in Turkey, a country with high antibiotic resistance. A national, multicenter, point-prevalence study was conducted to determine the prevalence, causa...

    Authors: Nur Baykara, Halis Akalın, Mustafa Kemal Arslantaş, Volkan Hancı, Çiğdem Çağlayan, Ferda Kahveci, Kubilay Demirağ, Canan Baydemir and Necmettin Ünal

    Citation: Critical Care 2018 22:93

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  11. Content type: Research

    Dosing in obese critically ill patients is challenging due to pathophysiological changes derived from obesity and/or critical illness, and it remains fully unexplored. This study estimated the micafungin proba...

    Authors: Emilio Maseda, Santiago Grau, Sonia Luque, Maria-Pilar Castillo-Mafla, Alejandro Suárez-de-la-Rica, Ana Montero-Feijoo, Patricia Salgado, Maria-Jose Gimenez, Carlos A. García-Bernedo, Fernando Gilsanz and Jason A. Roberts

    Citation: Critical Care 2018 22:94

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  12. Content type: Research

    General supportive and preventive measures in the intensive care management of traumatic brain injury (TBI) aim to prevent or limit secondary brain injury and optimize recovery. The aim of this survey was to a...

    Authors: Jilske A. Huijben, Victor Volovici, Maryse C. Cnossen, Iain K. Haitsma, Nino Stocchetti, Andrew I. R. Maas, David K. Menon, Ari Ercole, Giuseppe Citerio, David Nelson, Suzanne Polinder, Ewout W. Steyerberg, Hester F. Lingsma and Mathieu van der Jagt

    Citation: Critical Care 2018 22:90

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  13. Content type: Editorial

    Sepsis is estimated to affect more than 30 million patients with potentially five million deaths every year worldwide. Prevention of sepsis, as well as early recognition, diagnosis and treatment, can’t be over...

    Authors: Romain Martischang, Daniela Pires, Sarah Masson-Roy, Hiroki Saito and Didier Pittet

    Citation: Critical Care 2018 22:92

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  14. Content type: Research

    Adult-onset Still disease (AOSD) is a rare systemic inflammatory disorder. A few patients develop organ complications that can be life-threatening. Our objectives were to describe the disease course and phenot...

    Authors: Antoine Néel, Anaïs Wahbi, Benoit Tessoulin, Julien Boileau, Dorothée Carpentier, Olivier Decaux, Laurence Fardet, Guillaume Geri, Pascal Godmer, Cécile Goujard, Hervé Maisonneuve, Arnaud Mari, Jacques Pouchot, Jean-Marc Ziza, Cédric Bretonnière and Mohamed Hamidou

    Citation: Critical Care 2018 22:88

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  15. Content type: Research

    The shock index (SI), defined as heart rate (HR) divided by systolic blood pressure (SBP), is reported to be a more sensitive marker of shock than traditional vital signs alone. In previous literature, use of ...

    Authors: Akio Kimura and Noriko Tanaka

    Citation: Critical Care 2018 22:87

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  16. Content type: Research

    Strained intensive care unit (ICU) capacity represents a fundamental supply-demand mismatch in ICU resources. Strain is likely to be influenced by a range of factors; however, there has been no systematic eval...

    Authors: Oleksa G. Rewa, Henry T. Stelfox, Armann Ingolfsson, David A. Zygun, Robin Featherstone, Dawn Opgenorth and Sean M. Bagshaw

    Citation: Critical Care 2018 22:86

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  17. Content type: Review

    Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a fibrotic lung disease characterized by progressive loss of lung function and poor prognosis. The so-called acute exacerbation of IPF (AE-IPF) may lead to severe hypoxem...

    Authors: Alessandro Marchioni, Roberto Tonelli, Lorenzo Ball, Riccardo Fantini, Ivana Castaniere, Stefania Cerri, Fabrizio Luppi, Mario Malerba, Paolo Pelosi and Enrico Clini

    Citation: Critical Care 2018 22:80

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