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  1. Prone position is effective in mechanically ventilated patients to improve oxygenation. It is unknown if prone position affects gastric emptying and the ability of continued enteral feeding.

    Authors: Peter HJ van der Voort and Durk F Zandstra
    Citation: Critical Care 2001 5:216
  2. Biphasic positive airway pressure (BIPAP) (also known as PeV+) is a mode of ventilation with cycling variations between two continuous positive airway pressure levels. In adults this mode of ventilation is eff...

    Authors: Anneke S Jaarsma, Hennie Knoester, Frank van Rooyen and Albert P Bos
    Citation: Critical Care 2001 5:174
  3. Intensive-care units (ICUs) must be utilised in the most efficient way. Greater input of intensivists leads to better outcomes and more efficient use of resources. 'Closed' ICUs operate as functional units wit...

    Authors: Hilmar Burchardi and Onnen Moerer
    Citation: Critical Care 2001 5:131
  4. As in other areas of medicine, the specialty of critical care medicine, which has made important contributions in the pathophysiology of critical illness, is facing challenges that must be recognized and addre...

    Authors: Jesús Villar, Sebastián Méndez and Arthur S Slutsky
    Citation: Critical Care 2001 5:125
  5. Living wills are often considered by physicians who are faced with a dying patient. Although popular with the general public, they remain problems of authenticity and authority. It is difficult for the examini...

    Authors: Donald B Chalfin, David Crippen, Cory Franklin, David F Kelly, Jack K Kilcullen, Stephen Streat, Robert D Truog and Leslie M Whetstine
    Citation: Critical Care 2001 5:115
  6. Ventilator-associated bacterial pneumonia (VAP) is a important intensive care unit (ICU)-acquired infection in mechanically ventilated patients. Early and correct diagnosis of VAP is difficult but is an urgent...

    Authors: Hans-Jürgen Woske, Thomas Röding, Ines Schulz and Hartmut Lode
    Citation: Critical Care 2001 5:167
  7. To study the effects of infusion of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) versus the inhalation of nitric oxide (NO) in patients with an early acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS).

    Authors: Alexander JGH Bindels, Johannes G van der Hoeven, Paul HP Groeneveld, Marijke Frölich and Arend E Meinders
    Citation: Critical Care 2001 5:151
  8. Tissue damage after ischemia and reperfusion involves leukocyte endothelial interactions mediated by cell adhesion molecules. This study was designed to determine the time course of soluble adhesion molecules ...

    Authors: Thoralf Kerner, Olaf Ahlers, Henrik Reschreiter, Christoph Bührer, Martin Möckel and Herwig Gerlach
    Citation: Critical Care 2001 5:145
  9. Severe sepsis, defined as sepsis associated with acute organ dysfunction, results from a generalized inflammatory and procoagulant host response to infection. Coagulopathy in severe sepsis is commonly associat...

    Authors: Jean-Louis Vincent
    Citation: Critical Care 2001 5(Suppl 2):S1

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 5 Supplement 2