Foti G, Cazzaniga M, Villa F, Valle E, Pesenti A. Out of hospital treatment of Acute pulmonary Edema (PE) by non invasive continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP). Intensive Care Med. 1999;112(Suppl):A431.
Villa F, Cereda M, Colombo E, Pesenti A. Evaluation of four noninvasive CPAP systems. Intensive Care Med. 1999;S66:A246.
Bellani G, Patroniti N, Greco M, Foti G, Pesenti A. The use of helmets to deliver non-invasive continuous positive airway pressure in hypoxemic acute respiratory failure. Minerva Anestesiol. 2008;74(11):651–6.
Crimi C, Noto A, Princi P, Nava S. Survey of non-invasive ventilation practices: a snapshot of Italian practice. Minerva Anestesiol. 2011;77(10):971–8.
Chiumello D, Pelosi P, Carlesso E, Severgnini P, Aspesi M, Gamberoni C, et al. Noninvasive positive pressure ventilation delivered by helmet vs. standard face mask. Intensive Care Med. 2003;29(10):1671–9.
Brusasco C, Corradi F, De Ferrari A, Ball L, Kacmarek RM, Pelosi P. CPAP devices for emergency prehospital use: a bench study. Respir Care. 2015;60(12):1777–85.
Patroniti N, Foti G, Manfio A, Coppo A, Bellani G, Pesenti A. Head helmet versus face mask for non-invasive continuous positive airway pressure: a physiological study. Intensive Care Med. 2003;29(10):1680–7.
Taccone P, Hess D, Caironi P, Bigatello LM. Continuous positive airway pressure delivered with a ‘helmet’: effects on carbon dioxide rebreathing. Crit Care Med. 2004;32(10):2090–6.
Milan M, Zanella A, Isgrò S, Deab SAEAES, Magni F, Pesenti A, et al. Performance of different continuous positive airway pressure helmets equipped with safety valves during failure of fresh gas supply. Intensive Care Med. 2011;37(6):1031–5.
Patroniti N, Saini M, Zanella A, Isgrò S, Pesenti A. Danger of helmet continuous positive airway pressure during failure of fresh gas source supply. Intensive Care Med. 2007;33(1):153–7.
Garofalo E, Bruni A, Pelaia C, Cammarota G, Murabito P, Biamonte E, et al. Evaluation of a new interface combining high-flow nasal cannula and CPAP. Respir Care. 2019;64(10):1231–9.
Isgrò S, Zanella A, Giani M, Abd El Aziz El Sayed Deab S, Pesenti A, Patroniti N. Performance of different PEEP valves and helmet outlets at increasing gas flow rates: a bench top study. Minerva Anestesiol. 2012;78(10):1095–100.
Cammarota G, Vaschetto R, Turucz E, Dellapiazza F, Colombo D, Blando C, et al. Influence of lung collapse distribution on the physiologic response to recruitment maneuvers during noninvasive continuous positive airway pressure. Intensive Care Med. 2011;37(7):1095–102.
Isgrò S, Zanella A, Sala C, Grasselli G, Foti G, Pesenti A, et al. Continuous flow biphasic positive airway pressure by helmet in patients with acute hypoxic respiratory failure: effect on oxygenation. Intensive Care Med. 2010;36(10):1688–94.
Berbenetz N, Wang Y, Brown J, Godfrey C, Ahmad M, Vital FM, et al. Non-invasive positive pressure ventilation (CPAP or bilevel NPPV) for cardiogenic pulmonary oedema. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2019;4:CD005351.
Sforza A, Guarino M, Cimmino CS, Izzo A, Cristiano G, Mancusi C, et al. Continuous positive airway pressure therapy in the management of hypercapnic cardiogenic pulmonary edema. Monaldi Arch Chest Dis. 2021.
Tonnelier J-M, Prat G, Nowak E, Goetghebeur D, Renault A, Boles JM, et al. Noninvasive continuous positive airway pressure ventilation using a new helmet interface: a case-control prospective pilot study. Intensive Care Med. 2003;29(11):2077–80.
Foti G, Sangalli F, Berra L, Sironi S, Cazzaniga M, Rossi GP, et al. Is helmet CPAP first line pre-hospital treatment of presumed severe acute pulmonary edema? Intensive Care Med. 2009;35(4):656–62.
Garuti G, Bandiera G, Cattaruzza MS, Gelati L, Osborn JF, Toscani S, et al. Out-of-hospital helmet CPAP in acute respiratory failure reduces mortality: a study led by nurses. Monaldi Arch Chest Dis. 2010;73(4):145–51.
Cosentini R, Brambilla AM, Aliberti S, Bignamini A, Nava S, Maffei A, et al. Helmet continuous positive airway pressure vs oxygen therapy to improve oxygenation in community-acquired pneumonia: a randomized, controlled trial. Chest. 2010;138(1):114–20.
Brambilla AM, Aliberti S, Prina E, Nicoli F, Del Forno M, Nava S, et al. Helmet CPAP vs. oxygen therapy in severe hypoxemic respiratory failure due to pneumonia. Intensive Care Med. 2014;40(7):942–9.
Rabitsch W, Schellongowski P, Köstler WJ, Stoiser B, Knöbl P, Locker GJ, et al. Efficacy and tolerability of non-invasive ventilation delivered via a newly developed helmet in immunosuppressed patients with acute respiratory failure. Wien Klin Wochenschr. 2003;115(15–16):590–4.
Principi T, Pantanetti S, Catani F, Elisei D, Gabbanelli V, Pelaia P, et al. Noninvasive continuous positive airway pressure delivered by helmet in hematological malignancy patients with hypoxemic acute respiratory failure. Intensive Care Med. 2004;30(1):147–50.
Redondo Calvo FJ, Madrazo M, Gilsanz F, Uña R, Villazala R, Bernal G. Helmet noninvasive mechanical ventilation in patients with acute postoperative respiratory failure. Respir Care. 2012;57(5):743–52.
Redondo Calvo FJ, Bejarano Ramirez N, Uña Orejon R, Villazala Garcia R, Yuste Peña AS, Belda FJ. Elevated Extravascular Lung Water Index (ELWI) as a predictor of failure of continuous positive airway pressure via helmet (Helmet-CPAP) in patients with acute respiratory failure after major surgery. Arch Bronconeumol. 2015;51(11):558–63.
Antonelli M, Pennisi MA, Pelosi P, Gregoretti C, Squadrone V, Rocco M, et al. Noninvasive positive pressure ventilation using a helmet in patients with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a feasibility study. Anesthesiology. 2004;100(1):16–24.
Barbagallo M, Ortu A, Spadini E, Salvadori A, Ampollini L, Internullo E, et al. Prophylactic use of helmet CPAP after pulmonary lobectomy: a prospective randomized controlled study. Respir Care. 2012;57(9):1418–24.
Menga LS, Cese LD, Bongiovanni F, Lombardi G, Michi T, Luciani F, et al. High failure rate of noninvasive oxygenation strategies in critically Ill subjects with acute hypoxemic respiratory failure due to COVID-19. Respir Care. 2021;66(5):705–14.
Lucchini A, Giani M, Isgrò S, Rona R, Foti G. The ‘helmet bundle’ in COVID-19 patients undergoing non invasive ventilation. Intensive Crit Care Nurs. 2020;58:102859.
Patout M, Fresnel E, Lujan M, Rabec C, Carlucci A, Razakamanantsoa L, et al. Recommended approaches to minimize aerosol dispersion of SARS-CoV-2 during noninvasive ventilatory support can cause ventilator performance deterioration: a benchmark comparative study. Chest. 2021.
Ferioli M, Cisternino C, Leo V, Pisani L, Palange P, Nava S. Protecting healthcare workers from SARS-CoV-2 infection: practical indications. Eur Respir Rev. 2020;29(155):200068.
Hui DS, Chow BK, Lo T, Ng SS, Ko FW, Gin T, et al. Exhaled air dispersion during noninvasive ventilation via helmets and a total facemask. Chest. 2015;147(5):1336–43.
Alharthy A, Faqihi F, Noor A, Soliman I, Brindley PG, Karakitsos D, et al. Helmet continuous positive airway pressure in the treatment of COVID-19 Patients With Acute Respiratory Failure Could Be An Effective Strategy: A Feasibility Study. J Epidemiol Glob Health. 2020;10(3):201–3.
Gaulton TG, Bellani G, Foti G, Frazer MJ, Fuchs BD, Cereda M. Early clinical experience in using helmet continuous positive airway pressure and high-flow nasal cannula in overweight and obese patients with acute hypoxemic respiratory failure from coronavirus disease 2019. Crit Care Explor. 2020;2(9):e0216.
Aliberti S, Radovanovic D, Billi F, Sotgiu G, Costanzo M, Pilocane T, et al. Helmet CPAP treatment in patients with COVID-19 pneumonia: a multicentre cohort study. Eur Respir J. 2020;56(4):2001935.
Bastoni D, Poggiali E, Vercelli A, Demichele E, Tinelli V, Iannicelli T, et al. Prone positioning in patients treated with non-invasive ventilation for COVID-19 pneumonia in an Italian emergency department. Emerg Med J. 2020;37(9):565–6.
Duca A, Memaj I, Zanardi F, Preti C, Alesi A, DellaBella L, et al. Severity of respiratory failure and outcome of patients needing a ventilatory support in the Emergency Department during Italian novel coronavirus SARS-CoV2 outbreak: preliminary data on the role of helmet CPAP and non-invasive positive pressure ventilation. EClinicalMedicine. 2020;24:100419.
Indini A, Aschele C, Cavanna L, Clerico M, Daniele B, Fiorentini G, et al. Reorganisation of medical oncology departments during the novel coronavirus disease-19 pandemic: a nationwide Italian survey. Eur J Cancer. 2020;132:17–23.
Bellani G, Grasselli G, Cecconi M, Antolini L, Borelli M, De Giacomi F, et al. Noninvasive ventilatory support of COVID-19 patients outside the intensive care units (WARd-COVID). Ann Am Thorac Soc. 2021.
Coppadoro A, Benini A, Fruscio R, Verga L, Mazzola P, Bellelli G, et al. Helmet CPAP to treat hypoxic pneumonia outside the ICU: an observational study during the COVID-19 outbreak. Crit Care. 2021;25(1):80.
Amati F, Aliberti S, Misuraca S, Simonetta E, Bindo F, Vigni A, et al. Lung recruitability of COVID-19 pneumonia in patients undergoing helmet CPAP. Arch Bronconeumol. 2021;57(Suppl 1):92–4.
Retucci M, Aliberti S, Ceruti C, Santambrogio M, Tammaro S, Cuccarini F, et al. Prone and lateral positioning in spontaneously breathing patients with COVID-19 pneumonia undergoing noninvasive helmet CPAP treatment. Chest. 2020;158(6):2431–5.
Grieco DL, Menga LS, Cesarano M, Rosà T, Spadaro S, Bitondo MM, et al. Effect of helmet noninvasive ventilation vs high-flow nasal oxygen on days free of respiratory support in patients with COVID-19 and moderate to severe hypoxemic respiratory failure: the HENIVOT randomized clinical trial. JAMA. 2021;325(17):1731–43.
Grieco DL, Menga LS, Raggi V, Bongiovanni F, Anzellotti GM, Tanzarella ES, et al. Physiological comparison of high-flow nasal cannula and helmet noninvasive ventilation in acute hypoxemic respiratory failure. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2020;201(3):303–12.
Tatham KC, Ko M, Palozzi L, Lapinsky SE, Brochard LJ, Goligher EC. Helmet interface increases lung volumes at equivalent ventilator pressures compared to the face mask interface during non-invasive ventilation. Crit Care. 2020;24(1):504.
Racca F, Appendini L, Gregoretti C, Stra E, Patessio A, Donner CF, et al. Effectiveness of mask and helmet interfaces to deliver noninvasive ventilation in a human model of resistive breathing. J Appl Physiol. 2005;99(4):1262–71.
Cortegiani A, Navalesi P, Accurso G, Sabella I, Misseri G, Ippolito M, et al. Tidal volume estimation during helmet noninvasive ventilation: an experimental feasibility study. Sci Rep. 2019;9(1):17324.
Costa R, Navalesi P, Antonelli M, Cavaliere F, Craba A, Proietti R, et al. Physiologic evaluation of different levels of assistance during noninvasive ventilation delivered through a helmet. Chest. 2005;128(4):2984–90.
Moerer O, Fischer S, Hartelt M, Kuvaki B, Quintel M, Neumann P. Influence of two different interfaces for noninvasive ventilation compared to invasive ventilation on the mechanical properties and performance of a respiratory system: a lung model study. Chest. 2006;129(6):1424–31.
Vargas F, Thille A, Lyazidi A, Campo FR, Brochard L. Helmet with specific settings versus facemask for noninvasive ventilation. Crit Care Med. 2009;37(6):1921–8.
Costa R, Navalesi P, Spinazzola G, Ferrone G, Pellegrini A, Cavaliere F, et al. Influence of ventilator settings on patient-ventilator synchrony during pressure support ventilation with different interfaces. Intensive Care Med. 2010;36(8):1363–70.
Costa R, Navalesi P, Spinazzola G, Rossi M, Cavaliere F, Antonelli M, et al. Comparative evaluation of different helmets on patient-ventilator interaction during noninvasive ventilation. Intensive Care Med. 2008;34(6):1102–8.
Mojoli F, Iotti GA, Currò I, Pozzi M, Via G, Venti A, et al. An optimized set-up for helmet noninvasive ventilation improves pressure support delivery and patient-ventilator interaction. Intensive Care Med. 2013;39(1):38–44.
Olivieri C, Costa R, Spinazzola G, Ferrone G, Longhini F, Cammarota G, et al. Bench comparative evaluation of a new generation and standard helmet for delivering non-invasive ventilation. Intensive Care Med. 2013;39(4):734–8.
Vaschetto R, De Jong A, Conseil M, Galia F, Mahul M, Coisel Y, et al. Comparative evaluation of three interfaces for non-invasive ventilation: a randomized cross-over design physiologic study on healthy volunteers. Crit Care. 2014;18(1):R2.
Olivieri C, Longhini F, Cena T, Cammarota G, Vaschetto R, Messina A, et al. New versus conventional helmet for delivering noninvasive ventilation: a physiologic, crossover randomized study in critically Ill patients. Anesthesiology. 2016;124(1):101–8.
Gil A, Martínez M, Quintero P, Medina A. Computational evaluation of rebreathing and effective dead space on a helmet-like interface during the COVID-19 pandemic. J Biomech. 2021;118:110302.
Fodil R, Lellouche F, Mancebo J, Sbirlea-Apiou G, Isabey D, Brochard L, et al. Comparison of patient-ventilator interfaces based on their computerized effective dead space. Intensive Care Med. 2011;37(2):257–62.
Mojoli F, Iotti GA, Gerletti M, Lucarini C, Braschi A. Carbon dioxide rebreathing during non-invasive ventilation delivered by helmet: a bench study. Intensive Care Med. 2008;34(8):1454–60.
Racca F, Appendini L, Gregoretti C, Varese I, Berta G, Vittone F, et al. Helmet ventilation and carbon dioxide rebreathing: effects of adding a leak at the helmet ports. Intensive Care Med. 2008;34(8):1461–8.
Moerer O, Herrmann P, Hinz J, Severgnini P, Calderini E, Quintel M, et al. High flow biphasic positive airway pressure by helmet–effects on pressurization, tidal volume, carbon dioxide accumulation and noise exposure. Crit Care. 2009;13(3):R85.
Oda S, Otaki K, Yashima N, Kurota M, Matsushita S, Kumasaka A, et al. Work of breathing using different interfaces in spontaneous positive pressure ventilation: helmet, face-mask, and endotracheal tube. J Anesth. 2016;30(4):653–62.
Longhini F, Colombo D, Pisani L, Idone F, Chun P, Doorduin J, et al. Efficacy of ventilator waveform observation for detection of patient-ventilator asynchrony during NIV: a multicentre study. ERJ Open Res. 2017;3(4).
Ferrone G, Cipriani F, Spinazzola G, Festa O, Arcangeli A, Proietti R, et al. A bench study of 2 ventilator circuits during helmet noninvasive ventilation. Respir Care. 2013;58(9):1474–81.
Moerer O, Harnisch L-O, Herrmann P, Zippel C, Quintel M. Patient-ventilator interaction during noninvasive ventilation in simulated COPD. Respir Care. 2016;61(1):15–22.
Moerer O, Beck J, Brander L, Costa R, Quintel M, Slutsky AS, et al. Subject-ventilator synchrony during neural versus pneumatically triggered non-invasive helmet ventilation. Intensive Care Med. 2008;34(9):1615–23.
Cammarota G, Olivieri C, Costa R, Vaschetto R, Colombo D, Turucz E, et al. Noninvasive ventilation through a helmet in postextubation hypoxemic patients: physiologic comparison between neurally adjusted ventilatory assist and pressure support ventilation. Intensive Care Med. 2011;37(12):1943–50.
Cammarota G, Longhini F, Perucca R, Ronco C, Colombo D, Messina A, et al. New setting of neurally adjusted ventilatory assist during noninvasive ventilation through a helmet. Anesthesiology. 2016;125(6):1181–9.
Antonelli M, Conti G, Pelosi P, Gregoretti C, Pennisi MA, Costa R, et al. New treatment of acute hypoxemic respiratory failure: noninvasive pressure support ventilation delivered by helmet—a pilot controlled trial. Crit Care Med. 2002;30(3):602–8.
Liu Q, Shan M, Zhu H, Cao J, Chen R. Noninvasive ventilation with a helmet in patients with acute respiratory failure caused by chest trauma: a randomized controlled trial. Sci Rep. 2020;10(1):21489.
Carron M, Freo U, Zorzi M, Ori C. Predictors of failure of noninvasive ventilation in patients with severe community-acquired pneumonia. J Crit Care. 2010;25(3):540.e9-14.
Patel BK, Wolfe KS, Pohlman AS, Hall JB, Kress JP. Effect of noninvasive ventilation delivered by helmet vs face mask on the rate of endotracheal intubation in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome: a randomized clinical trial. JAMA. 2016;315(22):2435–41.
Kyeremanteng K, Gagnon L-P, Robidoux R, Thavorn K, Chaudhuri D, Kobewka D, et al. Cost analysis of noninvasive helmet ventilation compared with use of noninvasive face mask in ARDS. Can Respir J. 2018;2018:6518572.
Patel BK, Wolfe KS, MacKenzie EL, Salem D, Esbrook CL, Pawlik AJ, et al. One-year outcomes in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome enrolled in a randomized clinical trial of helmet versus facemask noninvasive ventilation. Crit Care Med. 2018;46(7):1078–84.
Carron M, Rossi S, Carollo C, Ori C. Comparison of invasive and noninvasive positive pressure ventilation delivered by means of a helmet for weaning of patients from mechanical ventilation. J Crit Care. 2014;29(4):580–5.
Antonaglia V, Ferluga M, Molino R, Lucangelo U, Peratoner A, Roman-Pognuz E, et al. Comparison of noninvasive ventilation by sequential use of mask and helmet versus mask in acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a preliminary study. Respiration. 2011;82(2):148–54.
Özlem ÇG, Ali A, Fatma U, Mehtap T, Şaziye Ş. Comparison of helmet and facial mask during noninvasive ventilation in patients with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a randomized controlled study. Turk J Med Sci. 2015;45(3):600–6.
Navalesi P, Costa R, Ceriana P, Carlucci A, Prinianakis G, Antonelli M, et al. Non-invasive ventilation in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients: helmet versus facial mask. Intensive Care Med. 2007;33(1):74–81.
Pisani L, Mega C, Vaschetto R, Bellone A, Scala R, Cosentini R, et al. Oronasal mask versus helmet in acute hypercapnic respiratory failure. Eur Respir J. 2015;45(3):691–9.
Longhini F, Liu L, Pan C, Xie J, Cammarota G, Bruni A, et al. Neurally-adjusted ventilatory assist for noninvasive ventilation via a helmet in subjects with COPD exacerbation: a physiologic study. Respir Care. 2019;64(5):582–9.
Rocco M, Dell’Utri D, Morelli A, Spadetta G, Conti G, Antonelli M, et al. Noninvasive ventilation by helmet or face mask in immunocompromised patients: a case-control study. Chest. 2004;126(5):1508–15.
Conti G, Cavaliere F, Costa R, Craba A, Catarci S, Festa V, et al. Noninvasive positive-pressure ventilation with different interfaces in patients with respiratory failure after abdominal surgery: a matched-control study. Respir Care. 2007;52(11):1463–71.
Rocco M, Conti G, Alessandri E, Morelli A, Spadetta G, Laderchi A, et al. Rescue treatment for noninvasive ventilation failure due to interface intolerance with remifentanil analgosedation: a pilot study. Intensive Care Med. 2010;36(12):2060–5.
Lucchini A, Bambi S, Gurini S, Di Francesco E, Pace L, Rona R, et al. Noise Level and Comfort in Healthy Subjects Undergoing High-Flow Helmet Continuous Positive Airway Pressure. Dimens Crit Care Nurs. 2020;39(4):194–202.
Cavaliere F, Conti G, Costa R, Proietti R, Sciuto A, Masieri S. Noise exposure during noninvasive ventilation with a helmet, a nasal mask, and a facial mask. Intensive Care Med. 2004;30(9):1755–60.
Cavaliere F, Masieri S, Conti G, Antonelli M, Pennisi MA, Filipo R, et al. Effects of non-invasive ventilation on middle ear function in healthy volunteers. Intensive Care Med. 2003;29(4):611–4.
Hernández-Molina R, Fernández-Zacarías F, Benavente-Fernández I, Jiménez-Gómez G, Lubián-López S. Effect of filters on the noise generated by continuous positive airway pressure delivered via a helmet. Noise Health. 2017;19(86):20–3.
Chiumello D, Chierichetti M, Tallarini F, Cozzi P, Cressoni M, Polli F, et al. Effect of a heated humidifier during continuous positive airway pressure delivered by a helmet. Crit Care. 2008;12(2):R55.
Lucchini A, Bambi S, Elli S, Bruno M, Dallari R, Puccio P, et al. Water content of delivered gases during helmet continuous positive airway pressure in healthy subjects. Acta Biomed. 2019;90(11-S):65–71.
Ueta K, Tomita T, Uchiyama A, Ohta N, Iguchi N, Goto Y, et al. Influence of humidification on comfort during noninvasive ventilation with a helmet. Respir Care. 2013;58(5):798–804.
Lucchini A, Elli S, Bambi S, De Felippis C, Vimercati S, Minotti D, et al. How different helmet fixing options could affect patients’ pain experience during helmet-continuous positive airway pressure. Nurs Crit Care. 2019;24(6):369–74.
Calderini E, Chidini G, Pelosi P. What are the current indications for noninvasive ventilation in children? Curr Opin Anaesthesiol. 2010;23(3):368–74.
Piastra M, Antonelli M, Chiaretti A, Polidori G, Polidori L, Conti G. Treatment of acute respiratory failure by helmet-delivered non-invasive pressure support ventilation in children with acute leukemia: a pilot study. Intensive Care Med. 2004;30(3):472–6.
Piastra M, De Luca D, Pietrini D, Pulitanò S, D’Arrigo S, Mancino A, et al. Noninvasive pressure-support ventilation in immunocompromised children with ARDS: a feasibility study. Intensive Care Med. 2009;35(8):1420–7.
Codazzi D, Nacoti M, Passoni M, Bonanomi E, Sperti LR, Fumagalli R. Continuous positive airway pressure with modified helmet for treatment of hypoxemic acute respiratory failure in infants and a preschool population: a feasibility study. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2006;7(5):455–60.
Trevisanuto D, Grazzina N, Doglioni N, Ferrarese P, Marzari F, Zanardo V. A new device for administration of continuous positive airway pressure in preterm infants: comparison with a standard nasal CPAP continuous positive airway pressure system. Intensive Care Med. 2005;31(6):859–64.
Trevisanuto D, Camiletti L, Doglioni N, Cavallin F, Udilano A, Zanardo V. Noise exposure is increased with neonatal helmet CPAP in comparison with conventional nasal CPAP. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand. 2011;55(1):35–8.
Zaramella P, Freato F, Grazzina N, Saraceni E, Vianello A, Chiandetti L. Does helmet CPAP reduce cerebral blood flow and volume by comparison with Infant Flow driver CPAP in preterm neonates? Intensive Care Med. 2006;32(10):1613–9.
Trevisanuto D, Doglioni N, Micaglio M, Zanardo V. Feasibility of nitric oxide administration by neonatal helmet-CPAP: a bench study. Paediatr Anaesth. 2007;17(9):851–5.
Rodriguez Garcia L, Medina A, Modesto I, Alapont V, Palacios Loro ML, Mayordomo-Colunga J, Vivanco-Allende A, et al. Safety of aerosol therapy in children during noninvasive ventilation with helmet and total face mask. Med Intensiva. 2019;43(8):474–9.
Milési C, Ferragu F, Jaber S, Rideau A, Combes C, Matecki S, et al. Continuous positive airway pressure ventilation with helmet in infants under 1 year. Intensive Care Med. 2010;36(9):1592–6.
Mayordomo-Colunga J, Rey C, Medina A, Martínez-Camblor P, Vivanco-Allende A, Concha A. Helmet versus nasal-prong CPAP in infants with acute bronchiolitis. Respir Care. 2018;63(4):455–63.
Chidini G, Calderini E, Pelosi P. Treatment of acute hypoxemic respiratory failure with continuous positive airway pressure delivered by a new pediatric helmet in comparison with a standard full face mask: a prospective pilot study. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2010;11(4):502–8.
Chidini G, Calderini E, Cesana BM, Gandini C, Prandi E, Pelosi P. Noninvasive continuous positive airway pressure in acute respiratory failure: helmet versus facial mask. Pediatrics. 2010;126(2):e330-336.
Chidini G, Piastra M, Marchesi T, De Luca D, Napolitano L, Salvo I, et al. Continuous positive airway pressure with helmet versus mask in infants with bronchiolitis: an RCT. Pediatrics. 2015;135(4):e868-875.
Vitaliti G, Vitaliti MC, Finocchiaro MC, Di Stefano VA, Pavone P, Matin N, et al. Randomized comparison of helmet CPAP versus high-flow nasal cannula oxygen in pediatric respiratory distress. Respir Care. 2017;62(8):1036–42.
Rossetti E, De Galasso L, Appierto L, Bianchi R, Chiusolo F, Germani A, et al. Retrospective study found that helmet continuous positive airway pressure provided effective support for severe bronchiolitis. Acta Paediatr. 2020;109(12):2671–3.
Chiusolo F, Fanelli V, Ciofi Degli Atti ML, Conti G, Tortora F, Pariante R, et al. CPAP by helmet for treatment of acute respiratory failure after pediatric liver transplantation. Pediatr Transplant. 2018;22(1):e13088.
Ramirez A, Delord V, Khirani S, Leroux K, Cassier S, Kadlub N, et al. Interfaces for long-term noninvasive positive pressure ventilation in children. Intensive Care Med. 2012;38(4):655–62.
Conti G, Gregoretti C, Spinazzola G, Festa O, Ferrone G, Cipriani F, et al. Influence of different interfaces on synchrony during pressure support ventilation in a pediatric setting: a bench study. Respir Care. 2015;60(4):498–507.
Cortegiani A, Longhini F, Carlucci A, Scala R, Groff P, Bruni A, et al. High-flow nasal therapy versus noninvasive ventilation in COPD patients with mild-to-moderate hypercapnic acute respiratory failure: study protocol for a noninferiority randomized clinical trial. Trials. 2019;20(1):450.
Khatib MY, Peediyakkal MZ, Elshafei MS, Elzeer HS, Ananthegowda DC, Shahen MA, et al. Comparison of the clinical outcomes of non-invasive ventilation by helmet vs facemask in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome. Medicine. 2021;100(4):e24443.
Tverring J, Åkesson A, Nielsen N. Helmet continuous positive airway pressure versus high-flow nasal cannula in COVID-19: a pragmatic randomised clinical trial (COVID HELMET). Trials. 2020;21(1):994.
Luo Y, Luo Y, Li Y, Zhou L, Zhu Z, Chen Y, et al. Helmet CPAP versus oxygen therapy in hypoxemic acute respiratory failure: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Yonsei Med J. 2016;57(4):936–41.
Xu X-P, Zhang X-C, Hu S-L, Xu J-Y, Xie J-F, Liu S-Q, et al. Noninvasive ventilation in acute hypoxemic nonhypercapnic respiratory failure: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Crit Care Med. 2017;45(7):e727–33.
Wang T, Yin H, Xu Q, Jiang X, Yu T. Use of a helmet for oxygen therapy in critically ill patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Int Med Res. 2020;48(2):300060520903209.
Ferreyro BL, Angriman F, Munshi L, Del Sorbo L, Ferguson ND, Rochwerg B, et al. Noninvasive oxygenation strategies in adult patients with acute respiratory failure: a protocol for a systematic review and network meta-analysis. Syst Rev. 2020;9(1):95.
Ferreyro BL, Angriman F, Munshi L, Sorbo LD, Ferguson ND, Rochwerg B, et al. Association of noninvasive oxygenation strategies with all-cause mortality in adults with acute hypoxemic respiratory failure: a systematic review and meta-analysis. JAMA [Internet]. 2020 Jun 4 [cited 2020 Jun 10]; Available from: https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/2767025
Liu Q, Gao Y, Chen R, Cheng Z. Noninvasive ventilation with helmet versus control strategy in patients with acute respiratory failure: a systematic review and meta-analysis of controlled studies. Crit Care. 2016;23(20):265.