Open Access

Communicating with conscious mechanically ventilated critically ill patients: let them speak with deflated cuff and an in-line speaking valve!

Critical Care201721:7

https://doi.org/10.1186/s13054-016-1587-8

Published: 10 January 2017

The original article was published in Critical Care 2016 20:333

With great interest we read the article in Critical Care by ten Hoorn et al. [1]. We appreciate the efforts of the authors to write the first review about interventions enabling communication with critically ill patients and to develop an algorithm to select a communication technique. Their attention was focused on patients who were completely ventilator dependent. In cases where tracheotomized patients are able to tolerate cuff deflation, a spontaneous breathing trial with a one-way speaking valve is suggested in their algorithm. However, we would like to point out that this algorithm lacks an important alternative in this particular patient group.

Several studies have been reported on tracheotomized ventilator-dependent critically ill patients who are able to speak with a speaking valve in the respiratory circuit. Speech by tracheotomized ICU patients during mechanical ventilation with a deflated cuff had already been described by Manzano (Verbal communication of ventilator-dependent patients. Crit Care Med 1993;21(4):512-517). In recent years we are aware of at least three articles addressing the issue of enabling speech during weaning of tracheotomized patients off the ventilator. Egbers et al. [2] described their experience with a high-flow ventilator, a deflated cuff, and an in-line speaking valve. Sutt et al. [3] restored speech with use of an in-line speaking valve earlier compared to patients that only used a speaking valve during spontaneous breathing trials. Despite a deflated cuff, lung recruitment improved [4] and in-line speaking valve use is part of their standard care in prolonged weaning. In a randomized clinical trial by Freeman-Sanderson et al. [5] the intervention group received early cuff deflation and insertion of an in-line speaking valve during mechanical ventilation. Restoration of phonation was significantly sooner and without an increase in complications compared to standard therapy with a speaking valve and trials of spontaneous breathing [5].

Although it was partially beyond the scope of the literature search by ten Hoorn et al. (search closed December 2015), we would like the readers of Critical Care to draw their attention to this possibility, which has considerable potential to enable speech in tracheotomized patients who are (not yet) able to sustain longer periods of spontaneous breathing trials.

Notes

Declarations

Acknowledgements

Not applicable.

Funding

Not applicable.

Availability of data and materials

Not applicable.

Authors’ contributions

PHE and ECB are both responsible for writing, revising, and submitting this letter. Both authors read and approved the final manuscript.

Competing interests

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Consent for publication

Not applicable.

Ethics approval and consent to participate

Not applicable.

Open AccessThis article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Department of Intensive Care, Medical Centre Leeuwarden

References

  1. ten Hoorn S, Elbers PW, Girbes AR, Tuinman PR. Communicating with conscious and mechanically ventilated critically ill patients: a systematic review. Crit Care. 2016;20(1):333.View ArticlePubMedPubMed CentralGoogle Scholar
  2. Egbers PH, Bultsma R, Middelkamp H, Boerma EC. Enabling speech in ICU patients during mechanical ventilation. Intensive Care Med. 2014;40(7):1057–8.View ArticlePubMedPubMed CentralGoogle Scholar
  3. Sutt AL, Cornwell P, Mullany D, Kinneally T, Fraser JF. The use of tracheostomy speaking valves in mechanically ventilated patients results in improved communication and does not prolong ventilation time in cardiothoracic intensive care unit patients. J Crit Care. 2015;30(3):491–4.View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Sutt AL, Caruana LR, Dunster KR, Cornwell PL, Anstey CM, Fraser JF. Speaking valves in tracheostomised ICU patients weaning off mechanical ventilation--do they facilitate lung recruitment? Crit Care. 2016;20:91.View ArticlePubMedPubMed CentralGoogle Scholar
  5. Freeman-Sanderson AL, Togher L, Elkins MR, Phipps PR. Return of voice for ventilated tracheostomy patients in ICU: a randomized controlled trial of early-targeted intervention. Crit Care Med. 2016;44(6):1075–81.View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright

© The Author(s). 2017

Advertisement