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  • Open Access

Metformin increases skeletal muscle lactate production in pigs: a microdialysis study

  • 1,
  • 2,
  • 2,
  • 1,
  • 1,
  • 1,
  • 3,
  • 1 and
  • 1
Critical Care201115 (Suppl 1) :P364

https://doi.org/10.1186/cc9784

  • Published:

Keywords

  • Lactate
  • Skeletal Muscle
  • Metformin
  • Continuous Infusion
  • Lactate Level

Introduction

Lactic acidosis during metformin intoxication is mainly attributed to impaired hepatic lactate clearance [1]. The aim of this present work was to clarify whether metformin at high dose also increases skeletal muscle lactate production.

Methods

Reverse microdialysis was used in six healthy, sedated and mechanically ventilated pigs, equipped with two skeletal muscle catheters (CMA Microdialysis AB, Sweden). Following a baseline recording, a continuous infusion of saline (control) or metformin diluted in saline (1 mol/l) began. Outflow lactate concentration was measured every 3 hours, up to 12 hours.

Results

Data are presented as the mean and standard deviation in Figure 1. The interaction between infusion (saline vs. metformin) and time was statistically significant (P = 0.02; two-way repeated-measures ANOVA).
Figure 1
Figure 1

Muscle lactate level with saline or metformin infused by reverse microdialysis.

Conclusions

In skeletal muscle, a high dose of metformin increases interstitial lactate levels, a finding consistent with local lactate overproduction.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Università degli Studi di Milano, Milan, Italy
(2)
Fondazione IRCCS Ca, Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Granda, Milan, Italy
(3)
Centro Ricerche Chirurgiche Precliniche, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milan, Italy

References

  1. Lalau JD: Drug Saf. 2010, 33: 727-740. 10.2165/11536790-000000000-00000View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar

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