- Poster presentation
- Open Access
Ultrasonography is a valuable non-invasive tool for determining extravascular lung water in severe sepsis
© Kok and Endeman 2011
- Published: 1 March 2011
- Renal Failure
- Emergency Medicine
- Severe Sepsis
- Teaching Hospital
- Volume Status
The aim of this study was to evaluate the value of ultrasonography of the lung in order to determine the level of volume load defined as the extravascular lung water index (ELWI). Hereto the presence of bilateral interstitial syndrome found by pulmonary ultrasonography is compared with ELWI as measured by thermodilution with PiCCO technology.
A prospective study was carried out. The study was performed in the ICU of a medium-sized teaching hospital. Adult patients who were suffering from severe sepsis were included in the study. Ultrasonography (OptiGo; Philips) of the lung was categorized as an A-profile in cases of no signs of interstitial syndrome and a B-profile in cases of interstitial syndrome. Ultrasonography of both sides of the lung was performed. Therefore, the following profiles were determined: AA, AB and BB. The BB-profile, bilateral interstitial syndrome, is regarded as being associated with volume overload . The ELWI was calculated after thermodilution by PiCCO technology in all patients and compared between the three different ultrasonographic profiles. Statistical analysis was performed by independent-sample t test. P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant.
Our study demonstrates the potential of ultrasonography in the detection of extravascular lung water in adult intensive care patients, suffering from severe sepsis. Since ultrasonography is an inexpensive, non-invasive and effective modality, the small study supports the use of ultrasonography as a possible tool in the evaluation of volume status in patients with severe sepsis. Larger studies are necessary to confirm these findings.
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.