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  • Poster presentation
  • Open Access

Pressure-controlled hemorrhagic shock in mice: a new model of acute kidney injury

  • 1,
  • 1,
  • 2 and
  • 2
Critical Care201014 (Suppl 1) :P522

https://doi.org/10.1186/cc8754

  • Published:

Keywords

  • Glomerular Filtration Rate
  • Acute Kidney Injury
  • Outer Medulla
  • Shock Group
  • Sham Mouse

Introduction

At the present time, mice models have failed to reproduce human acute kidney injury (AKI) and new relevant models of AKI are required [1]. In this study we developed a model of AKI in mice based on pressure-controlled hemorrhagic shock that closely reproduces hypotension involved in most of human ischemic AKI.

Methods

We first determined shock and resuscitation modalities in a C57/Bl6 mice population. A femoral arterial catheter was used for pressure control and bleeding and a central jugular catheter for anesthesia and resuscitation. We secondly explored renal repercussions of a 2-hour shock duration at 35 mmHg mean arterial pressure. We assessed successively the glomerular filtration rate (GFR), histological kidney injury score and performed real-time PCR after the procedure. The shock group was compared with sham mice and with a control group that underwent no procedure (n = 5 in each group).

Results

The shock group GFR was decreased 2 (D2) and 6 (D6) days after shock when compared with control and sham (Figure 1). This AKI was intrinsic as showed by the Na/K urinary ratio increase and the decrease in urine concentration ability. Tissular damage prevailed in the outer medulla with a maximal expression at D6 (paucicellular tubular epithelium, intratubular casts) (Figure 2). These lesions are associated with an increase of tissular KIM-1 and HIFs mRNA. Despite GFR normalization, the shock group showed discreet defect in urine concentration ability and a slight peritubular fibrosis 3 weeks after shock.
Figure 1
Figure 1

Glomerular filtration rate 2 (D2), 6 (D6) and 21 (D21) days after the procedure.

Figure 2
Figure 2

Tubular injury score at H3, D2, D6 and D21. * P < 0.05 and ** P < 0.01.

Conclusions

This new model of AKI based on hypotension opens new perspectives in the field of short-term and long-term kidney function following AKI.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
CHU Purpan, Toulouse, France
(2)
CHU Rangueil, Toulouse, France

References

  1. Rosen S, et al.: J Am Soc Nephrol. 2008., 19:Google Scholar

Copyright

© BioMed Central Ltd. 2010

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