Volume 13 Supplement 3
Epidemiology and clinical characterization of patients with acute respiratory failure admitted to a general ICU
© BioMed Central Ltd 2009
Published: 23 June 2009
To study the prevalence and mortality of ARF and characteristics of the patients with ARF admitted to a general ICU.
During 6 months, all adult patients admitted to a 17-bed ICU in Salvador, Bahia, Brazil who had ARF defined as a patient receiving mechanical ventilation for more than 24 hours were prospectively studied.
Characteristics of 82 patients with acute respiratory failure
68 (18 to 92)
APACHE II score
19 (4 to 32)
Sex male (n (%))
Chronic disease (n (%))
Length of stay in the ICU (days)
10.5 (1 to 71)
Cause of ARF (n (%))
Altered level of consciousness
Complication in the ICU (n (%))
Multiple organ failure
Acute kidney injury
Mortality in the ICU (n (%))
ARF prevalence was 20% in the studied population. The main cause of ARF was sepsis, these patients were older, more severely ill, had higher ICU stay and mortality than the total population admitted to the ICU and were often complicated with multiple organ failure.