Volume 13 Supplement 3

Fifth International Symposium on Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine for Latin America

Open Access

ST segment elevation in lead aVr and left main coronary infarction in the post-resuscitated patient

  • UAP Flato1,
  • HP Guimarães1,
  • RD Lopes1,
  • F d'Cunácia1,
  • RDM Silva1,
  • C Gun1,
  • ACM Bianco1 and
  • AGMR Sousa1
Critical Care200913(Suppl 3):P33

https://doi.org/10.1186/cc7835

Published: 23 June 2009

Lead aVR is an electrocardiographic lead that is frequently ignored [1, 2]. Many clinicians consider lead aVR as a not useful electrocardiogram one. Instead of this, we report a patient that was resuscitated from a ventricular fibrillation and presented with ST-elevation in lead aVr (Figures 1 and 2) and right bundle brunch block. The patient was immediately transferred to the cath lab and a left main coronary artery occlusion (LMCA) was visualized [3]. In this emergency scenario the patient had another cardiac arrest in pulseless electric activity and we proceeded with percutaneous revascularization of the LMCA (Figure 3). The patient returned to spontaneous circulation and after 14 days was dispatched from hospital without neurologic sequelae. The rapid diagnosis of such events is critical to guiding early intervention and appropriate disposition in many patients with ACS. Electrocardiography is an appropriate bedside tool used in the ED to make a rapid diagnosis of ACS especially using the aVr lead, allowing physicians to select appropriate therapy and to predict potential cardiovascular complications.
Figure 1

abstract

Figure 2

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Figure 3

abstract

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Dante Pazzanese Institute of Cardiology

References

  1. Gorgels AP, Engelen DJM, Wellens HJJ: Lead aVR, a mostly ignored but very valuable lead in clinical electrocardiography. J Am Coll Cardiol 2001, 38: 1355-1356. 10.1016/S0735-1097(01)01564-9View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Gaitonde RS, Sharma N, Ali-Hasan S, Miller JM, Jayachandran JV, Kalaria VG: Prediction of significant left main coronary artery stenosis by the 12-lead electrocardiogram in patients with rest angina pectoris and the withholding of clopidogrel therapy. Am J Cardiol 2003, 92: 846-848. 10.1016/S0002-9149(03)00898-1View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Yamaji H, Iwasaki K, Kusachi S, et al.: Prediction of acute left main coronary artery obstruction by 12-lead electrocardiography. ST segment elevation in lead aVR with less ST segment elevation in lead V(1). J Am Coll Cardiol 2001, 38: 1348-1354. 10.1016/S0735-1097(01)01563-7View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright

© BioMed Central Ltd 2009

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