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Microcirculatory, leukocyte/endothelium interaction and survival time effects of recombinant C-reactive protein in nonhypotensive endotoxemia in hamsters
Critical Care volume 13, Article number: P243 (2009)
Awake hamsters subjected to endotoxemia with intravenous injection of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) (2 mg/kg) were divided, 1 hour after LPS injection, into four groups: LPS (n = 6): no treatment; VR (n = 6): received 40 ml/kg body weight of NaCl 0.9% in 1 hour followed by 20 ml/kg body weight during the remaining 4 hours; rCRP (n = 6): received rCRP infusion in the dose of 24 μg/kg/hour during 5 hours; VR/rCRP (n = 6): received 40 ml/kg body weight of NaCl 0.9% in the first hour followed by 20 ml/kg body weight during the remaining 4 hours, and in the last period it was combined with rCRP infusion in the dose of 24 μg/kg/hour. Groups were compared with Control (n = 6): no LPS. Arteriolar and venular diameters, functional capillary density (FCD), venular leukocyte rolling and adhesion, and 7-day survival time were evaluated.
LPS reduced FCD so it was maintained lower than Control and baseline even after 24 hours (13 ± 11 and 100 ± 7% from baseline in LPS and Control, respectively). Volume resuscitation and rCRP restored FCD to baseline levels but it was lower than Control after 24 hours (36 ± 25 and 32 ± 20% from baseline in VR and rCRP, respectively). VR/rCRP restored FCD and it was not different from Control (72 ± 26% from baseline in rCRP). Arteriolar and venular diameters were not different among groups. LPS increased the number of sticking leukocytes to the venular wall (41.2 ± 13 and 1.1 ± 1 leucocytes/mm2 in LPS and Control, respectively). rCRP and VR/rCRP significantly reduced venular leukocyte adhesion (12.6 ± 7.1 and 11.8 ± 9.5 leucocytes/mm2 in rCRP and VR/rCRP, respectively). There was no difference in rolling leukocytes among groups. The survival curve was not significantly different in rCRP, VR and VR/rCRP from Control.
rCRP associated or not with volume resuscitation improved tissue perfusion, reduced the number of sticking leukocytes and increased the survival time during endotoxemia in the hamster model.
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Silva, M., Santos, A., Furtado, E. et al. Microcirculatory, leukocyte/endothelium interaction and survival time effects of recombinant C-reactive protein in nonhypotensive endotoxemia in hamsters. Crit Care 13, P243 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1186/cc7407
- Survival Time
- Tissue Perfusion
- Leukocyte Adhesion
- Volume Resuscitation
- Leukocyte Rolling