Volume 13 Supplement 1

29th International Symposium on Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine

Open Access

Good outcome in octogenarians after ventricular fibrillation out-of-hospital cardiac arrest

  • M Busch1 and
  • E Søreide1
Critical Care200913(Suppl 1):P66

https://doi.org/10.1186/cc7230

Published: 13 March 2009

Introduction

Mild induced hypothermia (MIH) in comatose survivors of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is highly recommended [1, 2]. Still, there is great uncertainty when it comes to age limits for the therapy as the initial randomised studies excluded the majority of patients over 75 years of age.

Methods

We retrospectively studied 115 OHCA survivors that were treated with MIH in our ICU from 2002 to 2008 with regard to cerebral performance category (CPC) at hospital discharge. Inclusion criteria were the same as in the Hypothermia after Cardiac Arrest Study Group except for the age limits. Bad outcome was defined as severe disability (CPC3), vegetative state (CPC4) and death (CPC5).

Results

Bad outcome was significantly more frequent in patients older than 60 years (chi-square P = 0.003), but even in patients older than 80 years we had good outcome in more than 50% of cases. The neurological outcome according to the different age groups is displayed in Figure 1.
Figure 1

Outcome according to age group after ventricular fibrillation OHCA and MIH (n = 115).

Conclusion

Although age seems to influence outcome, we found a surprisingly high incidence of good outcome even in the oldest comatose survivors after ventricular fibrillation OHCA treated with MIH. Hence, our data do not support a limitation of neurointensive care based on age alone.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Stavanger University Hospital

References

  1. Bernard SA, Gray TW, Buist MD, Jones BM, Silvester W, Gutteridge G, et al.: Treatment of comatose survivors of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest with induced hypothermia. N Engl J Med 2002, 346: 557-563. 10.1056/NEJMoa003289PubMedView ArticleGoogle Scholar
  2. Hypothermia after Cardiac Arrest Study Group: Mild therapeutic hypothermia to improve the neurologic outcome after cardiac arrest. N Engl J Med 2002, 346: 549-556. 10.1056/NEJMoa012689View ArticleGoogle Scholar

Copyright

© Busch and Søreide; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2009

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd.

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