Volume 10 Supplement 1

26th International Symposium on Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine

Open Access

Ethyl pyruvate prevents acute lung injury in an experimental multitrauma model

  • I Cinel1,
  • V Oztuna1,
  • T Karabacak1,
  • H Okcu1,
  • L Ayaz1,
  • L Tamer1 and
  • U Oral1
Critical Care200610(Suppl 1):P179

https://doi.org/10.1186/cc4526

Published: 21 March 2006

Introduction

Ethyl pyruvate (EP) is a pyruvate derivative that has been reported to improve survival, to decrease proinflammatory cytokine expression (including high mobility group box-1) and to ameliorate organ dysfunction in animals who have lethal sepsis or were subjected to hemorrhagic shock. We examined the potential protective effects of EP administered after multi-trauma on lung oxidative damage and apoptosis in a rat model with delayed resuscitation.

Materials and methods

Thirty-two male Wistar rats were equally divided into sham-control, multi-trauma, EP and multi-trauma + EP treatment groups. Anesthesia was performed with ketamine hydrochloride (60 mg/kg, intramuscularly) in all groups. Multi-trauma was applied as a moderate head trauma, left femur and tibia fractures under anesthesia. Head trauma was created using impaction model; a 450 g weight was dropped on to a metal plate fixed to the head of the subjects from a 1 m height through a Plexiglas guide tube [1]. The fractures of the tibia and femur were created by dropping a blunt guillotine with a weight of 500 g [2]. The first and third groups were resuscitated with Ringer lactate solution. EP (as a Ringer ethyl pyruvate solution; Sigma) was administered 40 mg/kg intraperitoneally 6 hours after the multi-trauma and animals were sacrificed at 24 hours. Post-trauma treatment with EP after the multi-trauma prevented the increase in lung tissue TBARS levels and serum MPO levels (Figs 1 and 2; P < 0.05). Lung tissue histopathology demonstrated a dramatic reduction in neutrophil infiltration and caspase-stained cells in the multi-trauma + EP group.

Figure 1

Figure 2

Discussion and conclusion

These results suggest that a single dose of EP inhibits leukocyte infiltration and oxidative lung damage, even when given 6 hours after the multi-trauma. EP warrants further evaluation as a therapeutic agent to ameliorate multi-traumainduced acute lung injury.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Mersin University School of Medicine

References

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  2. Bonnarens F, Einhorn TA: Production of a standard closed fracture in laboratory animal bone. J Orthop Res 1984, 2: 97-101. 10.1002/jor.1100020115View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright

© BioMed Central Ltd 2006

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