- Poster presentation
- Open Access
The Duffy antigen receptor for chemokines (DARC) and acute renal failure (ARF) during lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced systemic inflammation
© BioMed Central Ltd. 2004
- Published: 15 March 2004
- Acute Renal Failure
- Systemic Inflammation
- Urea Concentration
- Plasma Creatinine
Originally known as a target molecule for plasmodium vivax and as a blood group antigen, DARC has emerged as a promiscuous binding site for chemokines. Besides red blood cells, DARC is also expressed on endothelial cells, even in Duffy-negative individuals. However, the function of DARC during systemic inflammation remains unknown . In a neutrophil (PMN)-dependent model of LPS-induced ARF , we sought to assess whether DARC plays a role in the development of organ failure during systemic inflammation.
ARF was induced by intraperitoneal injection of LPS in wild-type mice (WT) and DARC gene-deficient mice (DARC-/-). At 4, 12, and 24 hours after injection, blood samples were drawn, and kidneys were removed. Plasma creatinine (Crea) as well as blood urea concentrations served as indicators of renal function, and renal myeloperoxidase activity (MPO) as an indicator of total renal PMN content. Untreated WT and DARC-/- constituted corresponding control groups. Data analysis included ANOVA with subsequent multiple comparison analyses when appropriate.
großee in the development of ARF. DARC seems to act via extrarenal (i.e. systemic) mechanisms and does not appear to alter the total renal PMN content.