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Appraisal of the daily clinical rounds performed in an open and general ICU

Introduction

Daily multidisciplinary clinical rounds involving physicians, nurses, respiratory therapists, nutritionists and clinical pharmacists improve the quality and outcomes of ICUs [1]. However, data regarding performance of these clinical rounds in an open-ICU model are limited.

Objective

To address the characteristics and the main interventions proposed and made during multiprofessional clinical rounds performed in a clinical-surgical open ICU.

Methods

This observational study was conducted in a 41-bed open clinical-surgical ICU of a tertiary-care, private hospital in São Paulo, Brazil. From February 20 through March 28 2013, demographic data, SAPS 3, the participants of the ICU clinical rounds, the number and type of the proposed interventions, and the number of performed interventions by the multidisciplinary team were recorded and analyzed.

Results

A total of 158 clinical rounds were included in this analysis. Fifty-four percent (85/158) of the patients were male with median (IQR) age of 73 (60-84) years and SAPS 3 score of 52 (44-65). The multidisciplinary team was composed of a senior physician (157/158 (99%)), nurses (157/158 (99%)), an on-call staff physician (150/158 (95%)), respiratory therapists (149/158 (94%)), a clinical pharmacist (89/158 (56%)) and nutritionists (62/158 (39.2%)). The median (IQR) number of interventions proposed during the multidisciplinary rounds was 1 (0-2) and the number of performed interventions was 1 (0-2) (Table 1). Interventions were more frequently proposed by senior physicians (82/158 (52%)) followed by respiratory physiotherapists (43/158 (27%)) and a clinical pharmacist (29/158 (18%)).

Conclusion

In our open ICU model where decisions should be shared with assistant doctors, the implementation of daily clinical rounds was associated with an intense participation of the multidisciplinary team and with a high level of performance of the proposed interventions. These actions are probably associated with better care of the critically ill patients. However, further studies are needed to correlate such interventions with clinical outcomes.

Table 1 Main interventions proposed and performed during the multiprofessional rounds.

References

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Correspondence to Roberto R Filho.

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Filho, R.R., Cavalheiro, A.M., Cazati, D.C. et al. Appraisal of the daily clinical rounds performed in an open and general ICU. Crit Care 19, P16 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1186/cc14670

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Keywords

  • Emergency Medicine
  • Multidisciplinary Team
  • Private Hospital
  • Good Care
  • Main Intervention