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Interaction between etomidate and beta tumoral necrosis factor on hemodynamic response after cardiac surgery

Introduction

The use of etomidate is a risk factor for relative adrenal insufficiency in patients undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) [1]. The objective was to determine the possible interaction between etomidate and beta tumoral necrosis factor (TNFβ) polymorphism on hemodynamics after CPB.

Methods

A prospective cohort study on CPB patients who received etomidate or not during anesthetic induction during 2008 to 2011. Demographic and postoperative variables were collected. We tested the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium in order to avoid selection bias. V18 SPSS was used.

Results

We studied 433 patients undergoing CPB, 285 (65.8%) men and 148 (34.2%) women, 66 ± 6 years, EuroSCORE I 5.3 ± 4%. TNFβ was in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium (χ2: 0.6; P = 0.42). A total of 254 (58.7%) patients received etomidate, 152 out of them required vasoactive drugs. Homozygous G was defined as unfavorable TNFβ versus the A allele [2]. Using the general linear model after adjusting for sex and amines dose at 4 hours, an independent association was observed between the systemic vascular resistance index (SVRI) at 4 hours and the use of etomidate (F: 18; P < 0.001): 1,849 (95% CI: 1,673 to 2,024) versus 2,493 (95% CI: 2,258 to 2,729) dinas.seg/cm5.m2, the presence of homozygous G (F: 6.5; P = 0.01), and also showed a significant etomidate-homozygous G interaction (F: 22.8: P < 0.001): 1,687 (95% CI: 1,350 to 2,023) versus 3,041 (95% CI: 2,589 to 3,492) dinas seg/cm5. m2 (Figure 1).

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Figure 1

Conclusion

Etomidate use is associated with lower postoperative SVRI which is increased in the presence of G homozygosity for TNFβ polymorphism.

References

  1. 1.

    Iribarren JL, et al: J Cardiothorac Surg. 2010, 5: 26-10.1186/1749-8090-5-26.

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    Iribarren , et al: Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg. 2008, 7: 1071-4. 10.1510/icvts.2008.177501.

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Iribarren, J., Jimenez, J., Perez, N. et al. Interaction between etomidate and beta tumoral necrosis factor on hemodynamic response after cardiac surgery. Crit Care 19, P496 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1186/cc14576

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Keywords

  • General Linear Model
  • Emergency Medicine
  • Prospective Cohort
  • Cardiopulmonary Bypass
  • Prospective Cohort Study