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Use of albumin in spontaneous bacterial peritonitis is cost-effective

Introduction

Assessing the cost-effectiveness of therapeutic interventions is increasingly crucial for health decision-making. Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) is one of the major complications of liver cirrhosis. The use of albumin in conjunction with antibiotics has been shown to be effective through clinical trials [1].

Methods

A decision tree (TreeAge®) (Figure 1) was populated from published sources for clinical, cost and epidemiologic variables. The perspective taken was that of the US payer. The robustness of the model was checked using one-way and probabilistic sensitivity analyses. The clinical course was followed for 3 months or until death. Total medical costs and quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) [2] were calculated.

Figure 1
figure1

Structure of decision tree for patients with SBP.

Results

Total costs were decreased when using albumin, and the improved survival resulted in an additional QALY for patients on albumin, decreasing the cost per QALY. See Table 1 and Figure 2.

Table 1 results of the cost-effectiveness model.
Figure 2
figure2

Cost-effectiveness acceptability across range of WTP.

Conclusion

The use of albumin in the treatment of SPB is cost-effective.

References

  1. 1.

    Poca M, et al: Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2012, 10: 309-15. 10.1016/j.cgh.2011.11.012.

    CAS  Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    Wells CD, et al: Dig Dis Sci. 2004, 49: 453-8.

    CAS  Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

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Farrugia, A., Bansal, M. & Caraceni, P. Use of albumin in spontaneous bacterial peritonitis is cost-effective. Crit Care 19, P353 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1186/cc14433

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Keywords

  • Public Health
  • Clinical Trial
  • Albumin
  • Sensitivity Analysis
  • Decision Tree
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