Volume 19 Supplement 1

35th International Symposium on Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine

Open Access

Absence of lung sliding is not a reliable indicator of pneumothorax in patients who require high PEEP

  • J Golub1,
  • A Markota1,
  • A Stožer2,
  • G Prosen3,
  • A Bergauer1,
  • F Svenšek1 and
  • A Sinkovič1
Critical Care201519(Suppl 1):P139

https://doi.org/10.1186/cc14219

Published: 16 March 2015

Introduction

The objective of our study was to estimate correlation between PEEP and disappearance of lung sliding (LS) due to lung overdistension in the absence of pneumothorax.

Methods

We performed a prospective study from September 2013 to May 2014 in adult patients with respiratory failure who required mechanical ventilation, lung CT and recruitment manoeuvre. Lung CT was used as the gold standard to exclude pneumothorax. A staircase recruitment manoeuvre was used with 5 cmH2O increases of PEEP from baseline to 35 cmH2O and decreases in reverse order. The duration of each step was 1 minute. Lung ultrasound was performed to evaluate LS at each step in one intercostal window in the highest point of left and right hemithoraces by physicians trained in lung ultrasound and blinded to changes in PEEP.

Results

In all, eight patients were included; five (62.5%) males, mean age 70.1 ± 7.4 years. Mean auto-PEEP was 0.7 ± 0.4 cmH2O. The values of PEEP at which LS disappeared or reappeared were compared using the Wilcoxon signed-rank test to assess the influences of anatomical side and PEEP increase or decrease. The values of PEEP at disappearance of LS for the right lung were not statistically significantly different from the left lung (P = 0.844 for increases, P = 0.938 for decreases). The values of PEEP at which LS disappeared obtained during increases were not statistically significantly different from values obtained during decreases (P = 1.000 for left lung, P = 0.875 for right lung; Figure 1). From data pooled from both sides and protocols, the median value of PEEP at which LS disappeared as a false positive sign of pneumothorax was 25 cmH2O (interquartile range = 20 to 30 cmH2O). At PEEP = 10 cmH2O, no patient showed absence of LS, whereas at PEEP = 35 cmH2O, all patients showed absence of LS (Figure 2).
Figure 1

Absence of LS during increasing and decreasing PEEP.

Figure 2

Values of PEEP above which LS was not present.

Conclusion

According to this study, higher PEEP levels correlate with disappearance of LS without pneumothorax. Absence of LS in patients with high PEEP should be interpreted with caution and other signs of pneumothorax should be sought before therapeutic interventions are attempted.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
University Medical Centre Maribor
(2)
University of Maribor
(3)
Community Health Centre

Copyright

© Golub et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2015

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

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