Volume 19 Supplement 1
Tedizolid clearance by in vitro continuous renal replacement therapy model
© Lewis et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2015
Published: 16 March 2015
Tedizolid is an oxazolidinone antibiotic approved to treat acute bacterial skin and soft tissue infection and is under investigation for treatment of nosocomial pneumonia, common in critically ill patients with acute kidney injury. There are limited data on tedizolid disposition in continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT). This study's purpose was to assess continuous hemofiltration (CHF) and continuous hemodialysis (CHD) influence on tedizolid clearance.
Validated, bovine blood-based, in vitro CHF and CHD models were used with six new HF 1400 (polysulfone) and six new Multiflow 150 (AN 69) hemodiafilters. Tedizolid's transmembrane clearances (CLTM) during CHF and CHD were assessed by measuring sieving (SC) and saturation (SA) coefficients at various ultrafiltrate (Quf ) (1, 2, 3 l/ hour) and dialysate flow rates (Qd) (1, 2, 3 and 6 l/hour), using a blood flow rate (Qb) of 200 ml/minute. Tedizolid adsorption was tested in a 1 l recirculating CHF model at Quf of 2 l/hour and Qb of 200 ml/minute over 4 hours. Adsorption (%) was calculated after correcting for the dilution by CHF priming volume. Urea was added as a control in all experiments.
Tedizolid's CLTM is dependent on hemodiafilter type and Qd for CHD and Quf in CHF. At conventional CRRT rates, tedizolid CLTM appears modest relative to total body clearance and is unlikely to require dose adjustments. CRRT adsorption in the clinical setting is likely less than what we observed in this in vitro, continuously recirculating blood model.
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.