Skip to main content

Advertisement

Springer Nature is making Coronavirus research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Benefit profile of recombinant human soluble thrombomodulin in sepsis-induced DIC

  • 369 Accesses

Introduction

Recombinant human soluble thrombomodulin (rhTM) demonstrated promising evidence suggestive of efficacy in a phase IIb, randomized, controlled trial [1] and is currently under evaluation in a phase III trial. However, the benefit profiles of rhTM have not been elucidated. The purpose of this study was to explore whether patients with a high disease severity (according to Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE) II and Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) scores) might have a treatment benefit from rhTM administration.

Methods

This was a post-hoc, subgroup analysis of a multicenter retrospective cohort study [2] conducted in three tertiary referral hospitals in Japan. All patients with sepsis-induced DIC who required ventilator management were included. We stratified all patients with different disease severity, as defined by APACHE II and SOFA scores to three strata. Intervention effects estimated as hazard ratios were analyzed by Cox regression analysis adjusted for propensity model to detect subgroup heterogeneity of the effects of rhTM on in-hospital mortality.

Results

Eligible were 162 patients with sepsis-induced DIC; 68 patients received rhTM and 94 did not. After adjusting for imbalances, rhTM administration was significantly associated with reduced mortality only in patents in the stratum II group (APACHE II, 22 to 27) (adjusted hazard ratio, 0.20; 95% confidence interval, 0.05 to 0.74; P = 0.016), while not significant in stratum I and stratum III (Figure 1). A similar tendency was observed in analysis for SOFA score (stratum I (SOFA, -10), P = 0.368; stratum II (SOFA, 11 to 12), P = 0.012; stratum III (SOFA, 13-), P = 0.673).

Figure 1
figure1

Estimated survival curves for each of three disease severities.

Conclusion

A survival benefit with rhTM treatment was observed in sepsis-induced DIC and a high risk of death according to baseline APACHE II and SOFA scores.

References

  1. 1.

    Vincent JL, et al.: Crit Care Med. 2013, 41: 2069-2079. 10.1097/CCM.0b013e31828e9b03

  2. 2.

    Yamakawa K, et al.: Intensive Care Med. 2013, 39: 644-652. 10.1007/s00134-013-2822-2

Download references

Author information

Correspondence to K Yamakawa.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Yamakawa, K., Ogura, H., Fujimi, S. et al. Benefit profile of recombinant human soluble thrombomodulin in sepsis-induced DIC. Crit Care 18, P243 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1186/cc13433

Download citation

Keywords

  • Retrospective Cohort Study
  • Sequential Organ Failure Assessment
  • Referral Hospital
  • Sequential Organ Failure Assessment Score
  • Adjust Hazard Ratio