Volume 18 Supplement 1

34th International Symposium on Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine

Open Access

Effect of a fixed dose of fresh frozen plasma on systemic inflammation and endothelial damage in nonbleeding critically ill patients

  • M Straat1,
  • M Muller1,
  • J Meijers1,
  • M Schultz1 and
  • N Juffermans1
Critical Care201418(Suppl 1):P116

https://doi.org/10.1186/cc13306

Published: 17 March 2014

Introduction

Fresh frozen plasma (FFP) is associated with onset of acute lung injury [1], the mechanism of which is largely unknown. On the other hand, FFP may be beneficial, as a higher ratio of FFP to red blood cells decreases mortality in bleeding trauma patients [2] and is associated with an endothelial stabilizing effect in vitro [3]. We investigated the effect of transfusion with FFP on host response and markers of endothelial damage in nonbleeding critically ill patients.

Methods

This was a substudy of a multicenter trial in which nonbleeding critically ill patients with an increased International Normalized Ratio (1.5 to 3.0) were randomized to omitting or administering a prophylactic transfusion of FFP (12 ml/kg) prior to an invasive procedure. In 38 patients randomized to receive FFP transfusion, we measured levels of factor VIII, von Willebrand factor, and markers of proinflammatory response before and after transfusion. Data are presented as medians.

Results

FFP transfusion resulted in a significant decrease of TNFa (from 12.3 to 3.1 pg/ml, P = 0.01), von Willebrand factor (from 475 to 424%, P < 0.01) and factor VIII (from 246 to 244%, P < 0.01). FFP did not alter levels of IL-1β, IL1-RA, IL-8, IL-10, MCP1, MIP1A or sCD40L. Patients had some degree of lung injury at baseline as reflected by a lung injury score of 2 (0.8 to 2.5), which did not change following transfusion. None of the patients developed TRALI.

Conclusion

FFP transfusion is not associated with a proinflammatory response in the critically ill. Rather, FFP seemed to have an endothelial stabilizing effect.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Academic Medical Center

References

  1. Vlaar AP, et al.: Crit Care Med. 2010, 38: 771-778. 10.1097/CCM.0b013e3181cc4d4bView ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Holcomb JB, et al.: Ann Surg. 2008, 248: 447-458.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Peng Z, et al.: Shock. 2013, 40: 195-202. 10.1097/SHK.0b013e31829f91fcPubMed CentralView ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright

© Straat et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2014

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

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