Survival and quality of life in patients acquiring acute kidney injury in the first 24 hours of ICU admission
© Soliman et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2014
Published: 17 March 2014
Survival and quality of life (QoL) in ICU patients with acute kidney injury (AKI) have been repeatedly reported as poor [1–3]. It is unknown whether early AKI, occurring during the first 24 hours of ICU treatment, is also a strong predictor of poor long-term outcome. Our aim was to describe the long-term outcomes of this specific group of ICU patients.
All patients admitted to our mixed ICU from July 2009 to May 2012 with early AKI were included. All survivors received the EuroQoL EQ-6D-3L questionnaire. Early AKI was defined as creatinine >1.5 mg/ dl and urine output <150 ml/8 hours. Poor ICU outcome was defined as either death or EuroQoL index <0.4 at 1-year follow-up.
Patients developing AKI in the first 24 hours of ICU stay are prone to poor outcome. Future research into prognostic factors for ICU patients should include early AKI in their models.
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