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Advance care planning in critically ill haematology patients
Critical Care volume 18, Article number: P30 (2014)
Significant improvements in chemotherapy, haematopoietic stem cell transplantation and general intensive care mean that more patients are now living longer and often present to the ICU at various stages of their disease [1, 2]. Encouraging patients with haematological malignancy (HM) to express their wishes and values on end of life (EoL) prior to ICU admission would ensure that their autonomy is respected. The aim of our study was to determine whether patients with hM that were admitted and died in the ICU had any form of advance care planning (ACP) documented prior to their admission.
Data were collected on all adult patients with HM that were admitted and died in the ICU of a tertiary haematology referral centre in London during the period of 1 year.
Information was collected for 34 patients and their characteristics are shown in Table 1. In 62% of the patients EoL decisions were made, and do-not-attempt-resuscitation documentation was found in 65% of the cases. Documentation on information exchange, and participation in the deliberation or the decision-making process was found in only 30% of the patients, even though more than 75% of the haematology physicians estimated the prognosis of these patients as moderate (17%) or poor (59%). In the vast majority of cases (31/34) the deaths occurred after withholding or withdrawal of treatment in ICU.
Only a small number of patients with HM that die in the ICU have documented ACP prior to admission. Since the majority of ICU patients lack personal decision-making capacity, ACP would ensure that care is consistent with patients' wishes, EoL actions are congruent with their values, the burden on family and healthcare providers is alleviated and cost is decreased.
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Howell DA, et al.: Palliat Med. 2011, 25: 630-641. 10.1177/0269216310391692
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Metaxa, V., Lambert, J., Barrow, A. et al. Advance care planning in critically ill haematology patients. Crit Care 18, P30 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1186/cc13220
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