Skip to content

Advertisement

Volume 17 Supplement 4

Sepsis 2013

Open Access

Development of a new monoclonal antibody-based point-of-care testing assay for the quantification of procalcitonin in whole blood for a rapid sepsis diagnostic

  • Martin Rieger1,
  • Daniela Rascher1 and
  • Anton Hartmann1
Critical Care201317(Suppl 4):P13

https://doi.org/10.1186/cc12913

Published: 5 November 2013

Keywords

Standard Reference MaterialProcalcitoninTurnaround TimeRapid DiagnosisReliable Parameter

Background

After recent studies of the BMBF (SepNet), sepsis causes about 150 deaths per day in Germany, making it the third leading cause of death in Germany. In acute sepsis, rapid diagnosis and rapid medication is crucial. Both as a reliable parameter for diagnosis of sepsis and for guiding the antibiotic therapy, procalcitonin (PCT) is a very sensitive available biomarker [1] and is recommended in the current guidelines [2] to be quantified under sepsis suspicion. Although there are a couple of commercially available fast analytical devices for the quantification of PCT, none of these devices completely fulfill all requirements for a point-of-care testing (POCT) device which are: bedside testing; no sample preparation (whole blood testing); simple handling with ready-to-use and single-use cartridges; and short turnaround time between analysis and medical treatment in the clinical necessary concentration range. Whereas most devices fulfill the latter requirements they are still too big for bedside testing or cannot handle whole blood.

Materials and methods

Based on newly developed monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) [3], a fast and sensitive immunoassay for the quantification of PCT in whole blood was developed and transferred to a commercially developed (not available on market) POCT device (respons®IQ) from pes diagnosesysteme GmbH.

Results

With the new developed mAbs the achieved limit of detection for PCT in plasma and whole blood is 0.04 ng/ml and 0.05 ng/ml respectively, which is within the clinical necessary range (<0.05 ng/ml). The now established assay shows high reproducibility within 9 minutes, independent of different plasma samples due to the selection of suitable additive compounds. In a first set of leftover patient samples, the PCT-POCT assay showed good correlation (R2 = 0.988, n = 14, m = 2) with the state-of-the-art technology Kryptor (BRAHMs) (D Rascher, M Rieger, HMGU, AMP, unpublished data). Moreover, in cooperation with Dr A Geerlof (HMGU), human recombinant PCT (hrPCT) was produced in two biological and clinical relevant forms (amino acids 1 to 116 and 3 to 116) in high amounts and high purity (A Geerlof, D Rascher, M Rieger, unpublished data). This hrPCT will replace expensive (5 k$/mg) and batch-to-batch varying commercial available hrPCTs as standard reference material.

Conclusions

The assay shown here for the quantification of PCT fulfils all requirements for POCT. Within 9 minutes, PCT can be quantified near the patient's bed in whole blood without sample preparation.

Declarations

Acknowledgements

The authors thank Dr A Geerlof (HMGU) for producing recombinant PCT, Dr E Kremmer (HMGu) for producing the mAbs and Dr P Miethe from the Forschungszentrum für Medizintechnik und Biotechnologie (fzmb GmbH) for the delivery of the patient plasma samples.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Department of Environmental Science, Research Unit Microbe-Plant Interactions, Helmholtz Zentrum München, German Research Center for Environmental Health (GmbH), Neuherberg, Germany

References

  1. Wacker C, Prkno A, Brunkhorst FM, Schlattmann P: Procalcitonin as a diagnostic marker for sepsis: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Lancet Infect Dis 2013, 13: 426-435. 10.1016/S1473-3099(12)70323-7View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Bone RC, Balk RA, Cerra FB, Dellinger RP, Fein AM, Knaus WA, Schein RM, Sibbald WJ, ACCP/SCCM Consensus Conference Committee: Definitions for sepsis and organ failure and guidelines for the use of innovative therapies in sepsis. The ACCP/SCCM Consensus Conference Committee. American College of Chest Physicians/Society of Critical Care Medicine. 1992. Chest 2009,136(5 Suppl):e28.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Kremmer E, Meyer K, Graesser FA, Flatley A, Koesters M, Luppa PB, Kraemer PM: A new strategy for the development of monoclonal antibodies for the determination of human procalcitonin in serum samples. Anal Bioanal Chem 2012, 402: 989-995. 10.1007/s00216-011-5475-4View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright

© Rieger et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2013

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

Advertisement