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Table 1 Antimicrobial resistance pattern of bacteria isolated from blood culture

From: Bacteriological profile and antimicrobial sensitivity pattern of blood culture isolates among septicemia-suspected children at Tikur Anbessa Specialized Hospital and Yekatit 12 Hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Antimicrobial drugs Resistance proportion of bacterial isolates (R%)
  S. aureus ( n = 13) S. marcescens ( n = 12) CoNS ( n = 11) Klebsiella spp. ( n = 9) Salmonella spp. ( n = 3) E. cloacae ( n = 2) Other GNB a ( n = 3) Other GPB b ( n = 2)
Penicillin 92.3 ND 81.8 ND ND ND ND 100
Ampicillin 84.6 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
Clindamycin 0 ND 0 ND ND ND ND 0
Erythromycin 30.8 ND 54.5 ND ND ND ND 0
Chloramph. 7.7 25 36.4 44.4 100 0 100 50
Ciprofloxacin 30.8 0 18.2 44.4 0 0 0 0
Vancomycin 15.4 ND 18.2 ND ND ND ND 0
Cefoxitin 38.5 33.3 54.5 0 0 0 66.7 50
Gentamycin 30.8 91.7 36.4 100 100 0 100 50
Tetracycline 53.8 91.7 45.5 55.5 100 100 66.7 100
SXT 61.5 91.7 81.8 77.8 100 100 66.7 0
Ceftriaxone 46.2 16.7 27.3 100 100 100 100 50
Nalidixic acid ND 0 ND 44.4 0 0 0 ND
  1. ND, not done; SXT, sulphamethaxozol/trimethoprim. aGram-negative bacteria (Acinetobacter baumanii, Escherichia coli, and Pseudomonas leutole). bGram-positive bacteria (Enterococcus spp. and Streptococcus. spp.).