Skip to main content

Implementation of evidence-based protocols improves survival: a 15-year surgical ICU experience in 10,172 patients

Introduction

There has been enormous interest in measuring ICU performance in terms of mortality and resource use, owing to increased public and health insurer scrutiny. We elected to describe the performance of our surgical ICU, using a standardized mortality ratio (SMR = observed / predicted mortality).

Methods

The primary cohort was all patients admitted to the surgical ICU from March 2010 through February 2012 and related outcomes. The change in SMR was longitudinally determined from the latest 15-year study period (1997 to 2011) comprised of 10,172 patients.

Results

There were 1,799 ICU admissions in the primary cohort. Hospital mortality, observed and predicted by APACHE IV, was measured. Crude hospital mortality was 8.4%. The hospital SMR (observed / predicted mortality) was 0.58 (95% CI: 0.49 to 0.65). The SMR decreased by 20% from 0.73 to 0.58 over the 15-year study period, an absolute 1% per year decrease (P = 0.039; 95% CI: -0.02 to -0.002), as shown in Figure 1.

Figure 1
figure1

Tufts surgical ICU, 15-year outcome standardized hospital mortality ratio.

Conclusion

Mortality was less than predicted and steadily declined during the previous 15 years. The SMR can be used to track success when new quality measures are introduced or changes in the delivery of care are made. ICUs should report their standardized mortality ratios to evaluate performance.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to SA Nasraway.

Rights and permissions

This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated in a credit line to the data.

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Nasraway, S. Implementation of evidence-based protocols improves survival: a 15-year surgical ICU experience in 10,172 patients. Crit Care 17, P464 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1186/cc12402

Download citation

Keywords

  • Public Health
  • Emergency Medicine
  • Quality Measure
  • Hospital Mortality
  • Related Outcome