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Relation between PaO2/FiO2 ratio, SpO2/FiO2 ratio, oxygenation index and ventilation ratio in critically ill patients

Introduction

Many authors have proposed less invasive ways to measure oxygenation in patients with ALI. The aim of the present study is to compare the already popular oxygenation index (OI) and PaO2/ FiO2 ratio (PFr) with other recently proposed indices such as SpO2/FiO2 ratio (SFr) and ventilation ratio (VR) in a mixed ICU population.

Methods

During a 6-month prospective observational study carried out in a polyvalent 10-bed adult ICU, ABGs were obtained from 145 patients. Two independent measurements were taken from each patient under the same mode of ventilation (SIMVPSV). PFr, SFr, VR and OI were calculated. Demographic data (APACHE II score, age, sex, diagnosis, body weight) were also recorded. Kolmogorov-Smirnov test for normality was calculated followed by bivariate nonparametric analysis (statistical significance: P < 0.05).

Results

A total of 290 measurements were included for further analysis. Mean ± SD values for age and APACHE II score were 61.2 ± 16 years and 15.4 ± 1.8, respectively, while median ± SD values for PFr are 257 ± 135, for SFr 211 ± 58, for OI 4.8 ± 4.46 and for VR 1.19 ± 0.31. Relations between PFr, SFr and OI are displayed in Table 1.

Table 1 Correlations (Spearman ρ) between VR, PFr, SFr and OI

Conclusion

Our study identified a strong relation between PFr, SFr and OI but not VR. Thus, these markers may be used interchangeably as bedside indices of oxygenation in critically ill patients. Yet larger studies are needed to come to a safer conclusion.

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Correspondence to T Aslanidis.

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Aslanidis, T., Myrou, A., Chytas, E. et al. Relation between PaO2/FiO2 ratio, SpO2/FiO2 ratio, oxygenation index and ventilation ratio in critically ill patients. Crit Care 17, P92 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1186/cc12030

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Keywords

  • Emergency Medicine
  • Demographic Data
  • Independent Measurement
  • Prospective Observational Study
  • Strong Relation