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Gram-negative resistance and need for ICU among urinary tract infections in the United States
Critical Care volume 17, Article number: P74 (2013)
Urinary tract infection (UTI) can lead to both hospitalization and severe sepsis. We theorized that UTI due to Gram-negative (GN) multidrug-resistant P. aeruginosa (MDR-PA), extended-spectrum ß-lactamase (ESBL), E. coli (EC) and Klebsiella sp. (KP), and carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE) would be frequently isolated in the ICU.
We analyzed a large US-based microbiology database, Eurofins TSN, between the years 2000 and 2009. We determined the proportion of isolates caused by MDR-PA, ESBL-EC, ESBL-KP, and CPE relative to their susceptible counterparts. We defined MDR-PA as any isolate resistant to ≥3 drug classes. ESBL organisms were defined as E. 3coli and K. pneumoniae resistant to a third-generation cephalosporin. Enterobacteriaceae were considered CPE if resistant to both a third-generation cephalosporin and a carbapenem. We further examined the evolution of the frequency of resistance among GN UTIs over time.
We identified 115,201 PA (13.7% MDR-PA), 359,090 EC (5.6% ESBL), 97,419 KP (12.9% ESBL), and 176,110 Enterobacteriaceae (0.6% CPE) UTI specimens. The prevalence of resistance rose for each organism of interest from 2000 through 2009: MDR-PA, 11.6 to 12.3%; ESBL-EC, 3.3 to 8.0%; ESBL-KP, 9.1 to 18.6%; CPE 0 to 2.3%. For each organism the proportion of resistant pathogens was consistently higher among ICU specimens than among specimens from other hospital locations, reaching nearly 20% for MDR-PA (Figure 1).
The microbiology of GN UTI hospitalizations has shifted over the last decade and greater antimicrobial resistance is evident. The prevalence of MDR-PA, ESBL-EC, ESBL-KP, and CPE is higher in the ICU than in other hospital locations.
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Zilberberg, M., Shorr, A. Gram-negative resistance and need for ICU among urinary tract infections in the United States. Crit Care 17, P74 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1186/cc12012
- Public Health
- Urinary Tract
- Tract Infection
- Urinary Tract Infection
- Emergency Medicine