Skip to main content

Volume 16 Supplement 3

Sepsis 2012

Impact of daily auditing and weekly feedback on process of care and patient outcome in resuscitation of severe sepsis and septic shock

Background

Rivers' randomized clinical trial showed that early goal-directed therapy improves patient outcome in severe sepsis and septic shock [1]. The findings were confirmed by multicenter international prospective observational studies [2, 3]. In our institution, we implemented a Quality Improvement Project based on daily auditing of patients admitted to a medical intensive care unit (MICU) for severe sepsis/septic shock followed by weekly feedback on compliance of the Institute for Healthcare Improvement (IHI) resuscitation bundle, and Sepsis Response Team (SRT) activation [4]. Once the Quality Improvement Project was completed, the daily audit and weekly feedback were stopped. This study aims to assess the impact of this change on the process of care and hospital mortality.

Methods

The study was conducted in a 24-bed adult MICU of an academic medical center. Only the first admission of each patient was included. Patients who did not authorize their medical records to be reviewed for research were excluded. During the first period of the study, 2009, daily auditing, weekly feedback to healthcare providers and SRT were implemented. During the second study period, 2010, the daily auditing and weekly feedback were stopped and the SRT activation was continued. Baseline data collected during the two periods of the study included gender, age, and resuscitation preference in case of cardiac arrest. Process of care was measured using the seven elements of the IHI resuscitation bundle. Patient outcome was measured by hospital mortality. Statistical comparisons between the two groups were made using Student's t and chi-square tests. Two-tailed P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant.

Results

A total of 777 patients were included in the study: 378 had auditing and feedback and 399 did not. The mean (SD) age of the feedback group was 65.4 (16.77) years compared with 66.3 (16.67) years for the nonfeedback group (P = 0.459). Female gender accounted for 147 (38.9%) of the feedback group compared with 206 (51.6%) of the nonfeedback group (P < 0.001). At MICU admission 315 (83.3%) of patients in the feedback group preferred full resuscitation in case of cardiac arrest compared with 317 (79.4%) in the nonfeedback group (P = 0.165). Compliance with all elements of the bundle declined from 50.8% during feedback to 29.8% during nonfeedback (Table 1). However, the hospital mortality rate did not increase.

Table 1 Process of care and patient outcome differences between the two groups

Conclusion

Continuous auditing and feedback to healthcare providers is an important component of a Quality Improvement Project to maintain compliance with the severe sepsis resuscitation bundle. However, it is not associated with hospital mortality.

References

  1. Rivers E, Nguyen B, Havstad S, Ressler J, Muzzin A, Knoblich B, et al.: Early goal-directed therapy in the treatment of severe sepsis and septic shock. N Engl J Med 2001, 345: 1368-1377. 10.1056/NEJMoa010307

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  2. Ferrer R, Artigas A, Levy MM, Blanco J, Gonzalez-Diaz G, Garnacho-Montero J, et al.: Improvement in process of care and outcome after a multicenter severe sepsis educational program in Spain. JAMA 2008, 299: 2294-2303. 10.1001/jama.299.19.2294

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  3. Levy MM, Dellinger RP, Townsend SR, Linde-Zwirble WT, Marshall JC, Bion J, et al.: The Surviving Sepsis Campaign: results of an international guideline-based performance improvement program targeting severe sepsis. Crit Care Med 2010, 38: 367-374. 10.1097/CCM.0b013e3181cb0cdc

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  4. Schramm GE, Kashyap R, Mullon JJ, Gajic O, Afessa B: Septic shock: a multidisciplinary response team and weekly feedback to clinicians improve the process of care and mortality. Crit Care Med 2011, 39: 252-258. 10.1097/CCM.0b013e3181ffde08

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Rights and permissions

This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated in a credit line to the data.

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Afessa, B., Bowron, C., Danielson, R. et al. Impact of daily auditing and weekly feedback on process of care and patient outcome in resuscitation of severe sepsis and septic shock. Crit Care 16 (Suppl 3), P16 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1186/cc11703

Download citation

  • Published:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/cc11703

Keywords

  • Septic Shock
  • Severe Sepsis
  • Hospital Mortality
  • Medical Intensive Care Unit
  • Feedback Group