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Implementation of evidence-based care bundles in the ICU
Critical Care volume 16, Article number: P524 (2012)
Implementation of an evidence-based care bundle in critically ill patients has been shown to improve outcome. Use of care bundles to reduce ventilator-associated pneumonia and other ICU complications has been increasing in critical care practice.
We conducted a prospective audit on implementation of a care bundle after audit approval. We collected data for 101 patient days from all patients admitted to Hull Royal Infirmary ICU during the month of November 2011. We collected information regarding stress ulcer prophylaxis, deep vein thrombosis (DVT) prophylaxis, ventilator care bundle, blood glucose control, daily assessment of need for a central line, sedation score assessment and delirium score assessment at least twice a day.
All patients received stress ulcer prophylaxis. At least 95% of patients received DVT prophylaxis, adequate blood glucose control and appropriate sedation need assessment. There was further scope for improvement in areas of sedation hold practice and assessing daily need for a central line. Poor clinical practice was identified in delirium score assessment and head elevation to reduce VAP. See Table 1.
It is very challenging to implement care bundles despite evidence showing that they improve outcome. A recent study suggests that doing a daily quality rounds checklist (QRC) will improve long-term compliance, thereby reducing potential complications for intensive care patients . We have implemented QRC in our practice and will be re-auditing in 6 months to ensure continued adherence.
DuBose , et al.: Measurable outcomes of quality improvement in the trauma intensive care unit: the impact of a daily quality rounding checklist. J Trauma 2008, 64: 22-29. 10.1097/TA.0b013e318161b0c8
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Juknevicius, G., Balakumar, E. & Gratrix, A. Implementation of evidence-based care bundles in the ICU. Crit Care 16, P524 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1186/cc11131
- Deep Vein Thrombosis
- Blood Glucose Control
- Intensive Care Patient
- Sedation Score
- Stress Ulcer Prophylaxis