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Effect of a full moon on mortality of patients admitted to the ICU
Critical Care volume 16, Article number: P499 (2012)
The effect of the full moon (the lunar effect) on human behaviour has occupied researchers for centuries. We aim to determine such a lunar effect on mortality among patients admitted to the ICU.
We analyze the electronic medical records of patients admitted to the ICU. The subjects were divided into two groups: patients who died on full moon days (14th,15th, and 16th days of the lunar month) and the patients who died on other days of the lunar month. The mortality rates were calculated for patients in both groups. Parameters including age, gender, acute physiology and chronic health evaluation (APACHE) III scores, predicted mortality, type of ICU, and actual mortality were compared between the two groups. Student's t test was performed to determine whether there were any differences between the groups.
Data from 4,387 patients who were followed for 23 months were analyzed. Overall, 297 patients died during this period, including 31 patients on full moon days and 266 patients on the other days of the month. Both groups were similar in terms of age (73 vs. 71 years, P = 0.39), APACHE III scores (82.06 vs. 76.52, P = 0.28), and predicted mortality (0.405 vs. 0.370, P = 0.48). There was no difference in the frequency of death between the full moon days and the other days (10.33 vs. 9.85, P = 0.81). See Table 1.
The full moon does not seem to affect the mortality of patients admitted to the ICU.
Wolbank S, Praus G, Smolle-Juettner F, et al.: The influence of lunar phenomena on the incidence of emergency cases. Resuscitation 2003, 58: 97-102. 10.1016/S0300-9572(03)00107-2
Alves DW, Allegra JR, Cochrane DG, Cable G: Effect of lunar cycle on temporal association in cardiopulmonary arrest in seven emergency departments during eleven years. Eur J Emerg Med 2003, 10: 225-228. 10.1097/00063110-200309000-00013
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Nadeem, R., Nadeem, A., Madbouly, E. et al. Effect of a full moon on mortality of patients admitted to the ICU. Crit Care 16, P499 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1186/cc11106
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