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  • Poster presentation
  • Open Access

Digitalized acoustic monitoring of lung congestion

  • 1,
  • 2,
  • 1,
  • 1 and
  • 1
Critical Care201216 (Suppl 1) :P83

  • Published:


  • Pulmonary Edema
  • Breath Sound
  • Transmission Factor
  • Lung Edema
  • Extravascular Lung Water


Changes in lung water are known to change breath sound acoustics [1]. Using two pig models, we observed that continuous elevation of lung sound amplitude may indicate an increase in total lung water content [2]. Here we report three cases of ventilated patients in whom continuous acoustic monitoring was done during extravascular lung water (EVLW) measurements.


We retrospectively analyzed cases in which EVLWi (PiCCO) and other clinical parameters were measured, during continuous acoustic monitoring (VRI), using eight small sensors adhered to the anterior chest. A transmission factor (TF) was calculated, using the sound transfer function between different sensors. The TF changes in correspondence to changes in tissue density [1]. The difference in TF was calculated between recordings when pulmonary edema was observed (>7 ml/kg threshold accompanied with an increase of 2 ml/kg in the EVLWi) and when absent. Statistical analysis was made using a t test.


A total of 336 continuous acoustic recordings in three patients (acoustic monitoring was applied together with EVLWi measurements) were analyzed (146 recordings when lung edema was present; 190 with no edema). In all patients, the acoustic profile corresponded to changes in the clinical picture. In two of the cases, changes in acoustic profile were similar to the ones in the EVLWi and other clinical parameters (Figure 1). In one case, where there was stability in lung sound acoustics, EVLWi and other clinical parameters were also stable. Significant differences existed between recordings with edema (-3.61 ± 0.39) and without edema (-5.71 ± 0.15) (P < 0.001).
Figure 1
Figure 1

VRI (average ± SE) versus PiCCO and CXR.


Changes in lung water tend to result in changes in the sound TF, due to changes in the tissue's density. These preliminary results indicate that monitoring lung sounds has the potential to monitor changes in lung water.

Authors’ Affiliations

Rabin Medical Center, Petah Tikva, Israel
Deep Breeze Ltd, Or-Akiva, Israel


  1. Donnerberg : Br J Dis Chest. 1980, 74: 23.View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Lev : Crit Care. 2011, 15: P174. 10.1186/cc9594PubMed CentralView ArticleGoogle Scholar


© Lev et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2012

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.