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Necrotizing pneumonia due to methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus secreting Panton-Valentine leukocidin: a review of case reports
Critical Care volume 16, Article number: P42 (2012)
Community-acquired necrotizing pneumonia caused by Panton-Valentine leukocidin (PVL)-secreting Staphylococcus aureus is a highly lethal infection, which mainly affects healthy children and young adults [1, 2]. This study focuses on necrotizing pneumonia due to methicillin-sensitive S. aureus strains, with the purpose to determine factors associated with outcome.
We performed a systematic review of case reports on PVL-secreting MSSA necrotizing pneumonia and analyzed factors associated with outcome.
A total of 32 patient descriptions were retained for analysis. Septic shock, influenza-like prodrome and the absence of a previous skin and soft tissue infection were associated with fatal outcome. In multivariate analysis, influenza-like prodrome (OR 7.44; 95% CI: 1.24 to 44.76; P = 0.028) and absence of previous skin and soft tissue infection (OR 0.09; 95% CI: 0.010 to 0.86; P = 0.036) remained significant predictors of death. See Table 1.
Influenza-like prodrome may be predictive of adverse outcome and previous skin and soft tissue infection may be associated with improved prognosis.
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Gillet Y, et al.: Clin Infect Dis. 2007, 45: 315-321. 10.1086/519263
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Kreienbuehl, L., Charbonney, E. & Eggimann, P. Necrotizing pneumonia due to methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus secreting Panton-Valentine leukocidin: a review of case reports. Crit Care 16, P42 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1186/cc10649
- Public Health
- Multivariate Analysis
- Systematic Review
- Young Adult