Clinical and biological effects of high-dose sodium selenite, continuously administered in septic shock
Critical Care volume 15, Article number: P16 (2011)
Sodium selenite (Na2SeO3) has been proposed as an early treatment of septic shock with discrepant results [1–3]. Beneficial action is mainly believed through improvement of major antioxidant selenoenzymes, but could on the contrary be related to a therapeutic oxidant action reducing activity of hyperactivated circulating phagocytic cells . It has been suggested that the absence of beneficial effect of high-dose Na2SeO3 continuously administered  might be related to toxicity, especially on the lung, of too much selenium (Se) as mentioned in recent parenteral nutrition guidelines in intensive care . On additional clinical and biological data, our purpose was to assess if there was argument for Na2SeO3 toxicity, especially on the lung, under continuous administration of high-dose Na2SeO3 in the SERENITE study.
In a randomized, double-blind multicenter study performed in 60 septic shock patients , the efficacy and tolerance of Na2SeO3 (4 mg Se on day 1 (D1), then 1 mg/day during 9 days or placebo) were evaluated on all components of the SOFA score measured daily, infection rate, and plasma Se, selenoprotein-P (Sel-P), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), lipid peroxidation, cytokines, and procalcitonin measured at D0, D4, D7, D10 and D14.
No deleterious effect of Na2SeO3 especially on the lung was observed for any clinical or biological variables. PaO2/FiO2 was strictly identical between groups (Table 1). As compared with placebo, mean time occurrences of infections were delayed in the treated group (18 ± 24 days vs. 34 ± 28 days, respectively; P < 0.0001). Plasma Se, Sel-P and GPx concentrations were increased at D4 in the treated group, achieving the high reference value for the plasma Se concentration (Figure 1).
Continuous administration of high doses of Na2SeO3 (4 mg Se D1) did not induce any deleterious effect in septic shock patients. We did not observe a beneficial effect, contrasting with a comparable study administering Na2SeO3 in bolus, potentially more toxic . In agreement with results obtained on a peritonitis sheep model , our data support a therapeutic oxidant action of Na2SeO3, opening a new field in septic shock treatment based on oxidant selenocompounds.
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The authors thank all the investigators, biochemists, pharmacists and clinical research team involved in the SERENITE Study, the Minister of Health for financing, and Meaux Hospital as promotor. XF is the co-inventor with DV of patent FR 98 10889, PCT N°FR 99/02.66 (delivered: US 6,844,012 B1, Au 760 534; EP 1107767), and has ownership of the corresponding patent. XF is the main shareholder of a small start-up named SÉRÉNITÉ-Forceville devoted to early diagnosis and treatment of septic shock especially by selenocompounds.
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Forceville, X., Vitoux, D., Wasowicz, W. et al. Clinical and biological effects of high-dose sodium selenite, continuously administered in septic shock. Crit Care 15 (Suppl 3), P16 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1186/cc10385