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Impact of mechanical ventilation on the functional status in patients admitted to the intensive care unit
Critical Care volume 15, Article number: P55 (2011)
Many ICU survivors report limitations in physical function that, despite showing slow improvement over time, may be long-lasting. As a complication of critical illness, weakness frequently slows and even dominates the course of recovery from critical illness. Patients requiring mechanical ventilation (MV) often have substantial weakness of the respiratory and limb muscles that further impairs their functional status and health-related quality of life.
The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of the use of MV on the functional status.
This is an observational, retrospective and analytical study that included patients aged >18 years who were discharged from ICUs from July 2010 to December 2010. We excluded patients transferred to another hospital and who had not been evaluated by the physiotherapy team at the time of discharge. Functionality was assessed at discharge from the ICU and at discharge from the hospital through the Functional Independence Measure (FIM) scale. The following variables were considered: age, gender, APACHE II, length of ICU, length of stay, length of MV and FIM. We used the normality tests, Mann-Whitney test and Wilcoxon test.
The sample consisted of 158 patients, 51.9% female, mean age 62.5 ± 19.8 years. Of these patients, 30.6% used mechanical ventilation in the ICU. The length of ICU and hospital stay was higher among patients who received MV (length of ICU: 28.3 ± 24.2 days vs. 9.58 ± 16.5 days, P = 0.001; length of stay: 37.6 ± 27.4 days vs. 18.9 ± 28.6 days, P = 0.001). APACHE II was also higher in this group (13.9 ± 8.3 vs. 10.8 ± 6.57, P = 0.02) (Table 1). The functional status was lower in the group undergoing MV at discharge from the ICU (65.3 ± 37.5 vs. 89.2 ± 37.6, P = 0.001) and at discharge from hospital (74.6 ± 41.9 vs. 94.3 ± 37.7, P = 0.008) (Figure 1).
In this population we observed that patients submitted to MV have a lower functional status, and higher APACHE II, length of ICU and length of stay.
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Araújo Neto, J., Bomfim, R., Lima, F. et al. Impact of mechanical ventilation on the functional status in patients admitted to the intensive care unit. Crit Care 15, P55 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1186/cc10203
- Intensive Care Unit
- Hospital Stay
- Mechanical Ventilation
- Emergency Medicine
- Functional Status