Volume 13 Supplement 1

29th International Symposium on Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine

Open Access

Strain-specific and pathogen-specific physiologic and genomic differences in murine inflammatory cardiac dysfunction

  • G Ackland1,
  • R Agrawal2,
  • C Hou3 and
  • A Patterson2
Critical Care200913(Suppl 1):P370

DOI: 10.1186/cc7534

Published: 13 March 2009

Introduction

Comparing genomic changes in mice strains demonstrating physiologic differences with pathologic insults is a novel approach to elucidate potential mechanisms. Our hypothesis was that murine strains exhibit different cardiac/genomic responses to specific pathogens.

Methods

The end-systolic pressure–volume relationship (ESPVR) and end-diastolic pressure–volume relationship (EDPVR) cardiac performance was compared in B6, C57 and FVB mice (pressure–volume loops, Millar catheter; isoflurane anesthesia) 4 hours after zymosan (ZYM) or endotoxin (LPS) intraperitoneally. Gene expression profiles unique to mouse strain/baseline/treatment were created using two-way ANOVA/two-fold filtering.

Results

ESPVR improved in B6/C57 mice after ZYM (Figure 1). Diastolic compromise (Figure 2) occurred in FVB mice following ZYM but in B6 mice after LPS. Genomic analyses within strains revealed pathogen-specific differences: for example, ZYM-treated FVB mice (diastolic impairment) demonstrated downregulation of key cell cycle, vascular endothelial growth factor, L-type calcium channel genes, with upregulation of T-cell receptor and the src-family kinase (exaggerated inflammatory response).
https://static-content.springer.com/image/art%3A10.1186%2Fcc7534/MediaObjects/13054_2009_Article_6967_Fig1_HTML.jpg
Figure 1

RVUs, relative volume units.

https://static-content.springer.com/image/art%3A10.1186%2Fcc7534/MediaObjects/13054_2009_Article_6967_Fig2_HTML.jpg
Figure 2

(abstract P370)

Conclusion

Comparative genomic analyses provide new insights into septic cardiac pathophysiology.

Declarations

Acknowledgements

Supported in part by the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute (Patterson), and the Intensive Care Society (Ackland).

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
University College London
(2)
Stanford University
(3)
Washington University School of Medicine

Copyright

© Ackland et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2009

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd.

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