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Table 1 Advantages and disadvantages of performing a tracheostomy in the intensive care unit or operating room

From: Tracheostomy for COVID-19: evolving best practice

Intensive care unit Operating room
Advantages Disadvantages Advantages Disadvantages
No transfer Positioning can be Support available Requires patient transfer
required difficult Controlled (aerosol) (exposure risks to patient,
Timely (not Less equipment environment staff and others)
dependent on available for Typically performed Requires a surgeon to be
operating rooms) complications by surgeons (may save available
Convenient for Fewer resources in ICU resources) Takes an operating slot
ICU team the event of a complication Good lighting  
  Suboptimal lighting   
  Potential for distractions