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Table 3 Microbiological data in blood and bile cultures

From: Acute cholangitis in intensive care units: clinical, biological, microbiological spectrum and risk factors for mortality: a multicenter study

Germs Blood Bile
Samples performed 373 189
Positive culture 252 (68) 149 (79)
 > 1 pathogen/culture 91 (36) 75 (40)
Total pathogens 379 261
Gram-negative bacilli 282 (74) 155 (59)
Escherichia coli 162 (43) 79 (30)
Klebsiella pneumoniae 39 (10) 18 (7)
Enterobacter cloacae 23 (6) 14 (5.5)
Klebsiella oxytoca 18 (5) 7 (2)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa 16 (4) 15 (6)
Citrobacter freundii 5 (1) 5 (2)
Others GNB 19 (5) 17 (6.5)
ESBL 38 (10) 27 (10)
Gram-positive bacilli 76 (20.5) 81 (31)
Enterococcus faecium 26 (7) 22 (8.5)
Streptococcus spp. 19 (5) 5 (2)
Enterococcus faecalis 17 (4.5) 34 (13)
Staphylococcus aureus 3 (1) 4 (1.5)
Others GP 11 (3) 16 (6)
Anaerobes 19 (5) 9 (3.5)
Clostridium perfringens 9 (2.5)  
Bacteroides fragilis 6 (1.5)  
Clostridium difficile 2 (0.5)  
Others 2 (0.5)  
Fungi 2 (0.5) 14 (5.5)
Cytomegalovirus   1 (0.5)
Cryptosporidium   1 (0.5)
  1. GNB, Gram negative bacteria; ESBL, extended spectrum beta lactamase, GP, Gram positive