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Table 1 Demographic and clinical data

From: Impact of a posttraumatic cerebral infarction on outcome in patients with TBI: the Italian multicenter cohort INCEPT study

VariablesPTCI (n = 47; 32.9%)Non-PTCI (n = 96; 67.1%)p value
Age, mean (SD) years43.8 (17.2)42.1 (18.4)0.606
Sex, no. (%) males38 (80.8%)75 (78.1%)0.141
Admission GCS, median (IQR)6 (4–8)7 (5–9)0.704
Severe head trauma, no. (%)37 (78.7%)70 (72.9%)0.452
Moderate head trauma, no. (%)10 (21.3%)26 (27.1%)0.452
Secondary cerebral insults in the first 48 h, no. (%)
 Pre-hospital hypoxia5 (10.6%)7 (7.3%)0.460
 Intra-hospital hypoxia7 (14.9%)13 (13.5%)0.048
 Cardiac arrest11 (23.4%)1 (1.0%)< 0.0001
 Pre-hospital systemic hypotension8 (17.0%)390.021
 Intra-hospital systemic hypotension12 (25.5%)350.274
 Hyperthermia intra-H13 (27.7%)340.289
Pupillary light reflex, no. (%)
 Both present30 (63.8%)85 (88.5%)0.002
 One present7 (14.9%)3 (3.1%)
 Both absent10 (21.3%)8 (8.3%)
SAH on admission brain CT, no. (%)33 (70.2)65 (67.7)0.849
EDH on admission brain CT, no. (%)15 (31.9)27 (28.1)0.697
Admission brain CT, Marshall CT classification, no. (%)
 Diffuse injury I1 (2.3)0 (0.0)0.035
 Diffuse injury II10 (23.3)42 (46.7)
 Diffuse injury III3 (7.0)4 (4.4)
 Diffuse injury IV2 (4.7)5 (5.6)
 Evacuated mass lesions25 (58.1)36 (40.0)
 Non-evacuated mass lesions2 (4.7)3 (3.3)
  1. Abbreviation: GCS Glasgow Coma Scale, SAH traumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage, EDH epidural hematoma, ICU-LOS intensive care unit length of stay, H-LOS hospital length of stay, PTCI posttraumatic cerebral infarction