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Table 2 Echocardiographic features

From: Right ventricular-arterial uncoupling independently predicts survival in COVID-19 ARDS

  Alive (n = 69) Dead (n = 25) p
LVEDD (mm) 48 ± 5 49 ± 4 0.388
LVESD (mm) 29 ± 7 31 ± 5 0.059
LAD (mm) 38 ± 6 40 ± 5 0.082
LVEF (%) 60 ± 7 58 ± 8 0.209
MVD 5 (7) 1 (4) 0.574
AVD 1 (1) 0 (0) 0.550
TR 2 (3) 3 (12) 0.084
TAPSE (mm) 25 ± 4 19 ± 4  < 0.001
PASP (mmHg) 30 ± 7 42 ± 12  < 0.001
TAPSE/PASP 0.89 ± 0.29 0.51 ± 0.22  < 0.001
IVC (mm) 15 ± 4 20 ± 3  < 0.001
Pericardial effusion 6 (9) 4 (16) 0.375
Echocardiographic phenotypes
 Normal 50 (73) 10 (40) 0.007
 Hyperkinetic 9 (13) 3 (12) 0.99
 Right 3 (4) 12 (48)  < 0.001
 LV depression 3 (4) 0 (0) 0.57
 Severe pericardial effusion 4 (6) 0 (0) 0.57
  1. Value are represented as mean ± standard deviation or absolute value and (%). p < 0.05 statistically significant
  2. LVEDD left ventricle end-diastolic diameter, LVESD left ventricle end-systolic diameter, LAD left atrium diameter, LVEF left ventricle ejection fraction, MVD mitral valve disease moderate-to-severe, AoVD aortic valve disease moderate-to-severe, TR tricuspid regurgitation, TAPSE tricuspid annulus plane systolic excursion, PASP pulmonary artery systolic pressure, IVC inferior vena cava