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Table 2 League table for networks of respiratory support methods

From: Preventive use of respiratory support after scheduled extubation in critically ill medical patients—a network meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Re-intubation rate (RR with 95% CI)
COT0.55 (0.35, 0.86)0.55 (0.39, 0.77)0.31 (0.14, 0.70)
 HFOT1.00 (0.64, 1.54)0.57 (0.29, 1.12)
  NIV0.57 (0.26, 1.28)
   HFOT + NIV
Short-term mortality (RR with 95% CI)
COT0.79 (0.56, 1.12)0.66 (0.48, 0.91)0.83 (0.50, 1.36)
 HFOT0.84 (0.63, 1.10)1.05 (0.73, 1.50)
  NIV1.25 (0.79, 1.98)
   HFOT + NIV
Post-extubation respiratory failure (RR with 95% CI)
COT0.46 (0.25, 0.84)0.45 (0.27, 0.78)0.32 (0.09, 1.12)
 HFOT0.99 (0.50, 1.97)0.71 (0.24, 2.09)
  NIV0.71 (0.20, 2.56)
   HFOT + NIV
Length of ICU stay (MD with 95%CI)
COT− 1.59 (− 4.25, 1.06)− 1.62 (− 3.68, 0.44)− 0.59 (− 6.88, 5.69)
 HFOT− 0.03 (− 2.63, 2.58)1.00 (− 4.70, 6.70)
  NIV1.03 (− 5.24, 7.30)
   HFOT + NIV
Length of in-hospital stay (MD with 95%CI)
COT− 1.15 (− 2.30, 0.00)0.61 (− 1.68, 2.89)0.85 (− 2.29, 4.00)
 HFOT1.75 (− 0.55, 4.06)2.00 (− 0.93, 4.93)
  NIV0.25 (− 3.48, 3.97)
   HFOT + NIV
  1. The column treatment is compared with the row treatment. Numbers in parentheses are the 95% CI
  2. COT conventional oxygen therapy, NIV noninvasive ventilation, HFOT high-flow oxygen therapy, ICU intensive care unit, RR risk ratio, MD mean difference, CI confidence interval