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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of participants

From: Towards a fasting-mimicking diet for critically ill patients: the pilot randomized crossover ICU-FM-1 study

Baseline characteristicFasting–feeding
N = 35
Feeding–fasting
N = 35
Controls
N = 23
Agemedian [IQR]63.2 [51.5–72.8]67.7 [57.6–74.4]69.2 [55.8–79.4]
Male gendern (%)18 (51.4)18 (51.4)10 (43.5)
BMImedian [IQR]25.2 [23.3–31.6]24.6 [21.7–27.1]27.3 [24.3–29.4]
Admission to surgical ICUn (%)22 (62.9)22 (62.9)NA
Cardiac surgeryn (%)7 (20.0)6 (17.1)NA
Emergency admissionn (%)32 (91.4)31 (88.6)NA
Sepsis upon ICU admissionn (%)19 (54.3)20 (57.1)NA
APACHE IImedian [IQR]33 [27–35]31 [25–36]NA
NRS scoremedian [IQR]4 [3–5]4 [4–5]NA
Diabetesn (%)7 (20.0)8 (22.9)3 (13.0)
History of malignancyn (%)10 (28.6)10 (28.6)3 (13.0)
Pre-admission dialysisn (%)2 (5.7)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)
Study daymedian [IQR]8 [8–10]8 [8–9]NA
SOFA score on randomization daymedian [IQR]8 [6–10]7 [6–11]NA
  1. Abbreviations: IQR interquartile range, BMI body mass index, ICU intensive care unit, APACHE Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation, NRS Nutritional Risk Screening, SOFA Sequential Organ Failure Assessment