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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of COVID-19 patients

From: Clinical course and outcome of 107 patients infected with the novel coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2, discharged from two hospitals in Wuhan, China

CharacteristicsTotal (n = 107)Survivors (n = 88)Non-survivors (n = 19)P value
Age, years51.0 (36.0–65.0)44.5 (35.0–58.8)73.0 (64.0–81.0)< 0.001*
 < 4546 (43.0)44 (50.0)2 (10.5)0.002
 45–5925 (23.4)24 (27.3)1 (5.3)0.041
 60–7523 (21.5)16 (18.2)7 (36.8)0.119
 > 7513 (12.1)4 (4.5)9 (47.4)< 0.001
Sex   0.003*
 Male57 (53.3)41 (46.6)16 (84.2) 
 Female50 (46.7)47 (53.4)3 (15.8) 
Comorbidity
 Any comorbidity*41 (38.3)28 (31.8)13 (68.4)0.003
 Hypertension26 (24.3)16 (18.2)10 (52.6)0.001*
 Cardiovascular disease13 (12.1)6 (6.8)7 (36.8)0.002*
 Diabetes11 (10.3)6 (6.8)5 (26.3)0.024*
 Chronic liver disease6 (5.6)5 (5.7)1 (5.3)1.000
 Cerebrovascular disease6 (5.6)3 (3.4)3 (15.8)0.068
 COPD3 (2.8)2 (2.3)1 (5.3)0.447
 Chronic kidney disease3 (2.8)2 (2.3)1 (5.3)0.447
Symptoms and signs
 Fever104 (97.2)85 (96.6)19 (100.0)1.000
 Dry cough67 (62.6)56 (63.6)11 (57.9)0.639
 Fatigue69 (64.5)55 (62.5)14 (73.7)0.356
 Dyspnea35 (32.7)20 (22.7)15 (78.9)< 0.001*
 Anorexia33 (30.8)25 (28.4)8 (42.1)0.241
 Myalgia33 (30.8)28 (31.8)5 (26.3)0.638
 Pharyngalgia12 (11.2)11 (12.5)1 (5.3)0.689
 Headache7 (6.5)7 (8.0)0 (0)0.348
 Dizziness7 (6.5)7 (8.0)0 (0)0.348
 Diarrhea7 (6.5)3 (3.4)4 (21.1)0.018*
 Nausea6 (5.6)6 (6.8)0 (0)0.588
 Vomiting3 (2.8)2 (2.3)1 (5.3)0.447
 Abdominal pain2 (1.9)1 (1.1)1 (5.3)0.325
Heart rate (bpm)86 (75–96)85 (75–96)90 (78–100)0.240
Respiratory rate20 (19–21)20 (19–21)22 (20–24)0.003*
Mean arterial pressure (mmHg)89 (83–98)88 (83–96)95 (89–101)0.019*
Onset of symptom to admission (days)7.0 (3.5–9.0)7.0 (3.0–9.8)6.0 (4.0–7.0)0.405
Onset of symptom to dyspnea (days)5.5 (2.0–9.3)7.0 (3.3–10.8)4.0 (1.8–7.5)0.103
Onset of symptom to ARDS (days)7.5 (4.3–11.0)10.0 (6.0–13.0)7.0 (3.5–9.0)0.081
Length of hospital stay (days)11.0 (7.0–15.0)10.5 (7.0–14.0)14.0 (6.0–17.0)0.561
  1. Data are median (IQR), n (%). P values indicate differences between survivors and non-survivors. P < 0.05 was considered significant. Vital signs including heart rate, respiratory rate, and mean arterial pressure were collected at admission
  2. COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, ARDS acute respiratory distress syndrome, bpm beats per minute
  3. *One patient had the comorbidity of lung cancer and died of ARDS