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Table 1 Primary diagnosis and clinical and laboratory data grouped according to vitamin C level on admission

From: Adding an orange to the banana bag: vitamin C deficiency is common in alcohol use disorders

  All
n = 69
Vitamin C < 23 μmol/l
n = 52
> 23 μmol/l*
n = 17
Age (years) 53 ± 14 54 ± 13 50 ± 15
AWS (n, %) 32 (46%) 23 (44%) 9 (53%)
Cirrhosis (n, %) 18 (26%) 13 (25%) 5 (29%)
Drug + AI (n, %) 9 (13%) 8 (15%) 1 (6%)
COPD/CHF (n, %) 5 (7%) 5 (10%) 1 (6%)
BMI (kg/m2) 25.2 ± 5.2 25.2 ± 5.4 25.2 ± 6.0
BUN (mg/dl) 14.6 ± 9.7 14.5 ± 9.9 14.9 ± 9.3
Magnesium (mg/dl) 1.8 ± 0.4 1.9 ± 0.4 1.6 ± 0.2
AST (IU/l) 84 ± 84 80 ± 87 98 ± 73
Albumin (g/dl) 3.3 ± 0.8 3.3 ± 0.8 3.4 ± 0.7
MCV (fl) 89 ± 14 89 ± 15 91 ± 11
Lactate (mmol/l) 2.9 ± 3.1 2.9 ± 3.0 2.9 ± 3.3
  1. AI alcohol intoxication, AWS alcohol withdrawal syndrome, AST aspartate aminotransferase, BMI body mass index, BUN blood urea nitrogen, COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, CHF congestive heart failure, MCV mean cell volume
  2. *No significant difference between groups
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