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Table 2 Baseline patient characteristics by treatment group

From: Permissive versus restrictive temperature thresholds in critically ill children with fever and infection: a multicentre randomized clinical pilot trial

Variables Permissive Restrictive Total
N = 38 N = 49 N = 87
Age (years)
 Mean (SD) 1.8 (3.4) 1.1 (2.1) 1.4 (2.7)
Age group (years), n (%)
 < 1 24 (63.2) 32 (65.3) 56 (64.4)
 1 3 (7.9) 4 (8.2) 7 (8.0)
 2–4 5 (13.2) 9 (18.4) 14 (16.1)
 5–9 3 (7.9) 3 (6.1) 6 (6.9)
 10–15 3 (7.9) 1 (2.0) 4 (4.6)
Gender, n (%)
 Female 14 (36.8) 22 (44.9) 36 (41.4)
PIM2r scorea
 Mean (SD) 0.025 (0.030) 0.025 (0.030) 0.025 (0.029)
 Median (IQR) 0.012 (0.008,0.035) 0.012 (0.008,0.037) 0.012 (0.008,0.036)
PIM3 score
 Mean (SD) 0.023 (0.033) 0.025 (0.036) 0.024 (0.034)
 Median (IQR) 0.007 (0.005,0.033) 0.007 (0.005,0.038) 0.007 (0.005,0.037)
Source of admission, n (%)
 Same hospital 6 (15.8) 13 (26.5) 19 (21.8)
 Other hospital 32 (84.2) 36 (73.5) 68 (78.2)
Primary diagnosis, n (%)
 Bronchiolitis 19 (50.0) 24 (49.0) 43 (49.4)
 Pneumonia/LRTI 9 (23.7) 8 (16.3) 17 (19.5)
 Acute respiratory failure 4 (10.5) 7 (14.3) 11 (12.6)
 Sepsis/septic shock 2 (5.3) 6 (12.2) 8 (9.2)
 Asthma 2 (5.3) 1 (2.0) 3 (3.4)
 Seizures/convulsions 1 (2.6) 2 (4.1) 3 (3.4)
 Other 1 (2.6) 1 (2.0) 2 (2.3)
Temperature prior to randomization (°C)
 Mean (SD) 38.1 (0.6) 38.1 (0.7) 38.1 (0.6)
 Median (IQR) 38.0 (37.7,38.6) 37.9 (37.6,38.3) 37.9 (37.7,38.5)
Type of ventilation, n (%)
 High-flow humidified O2, n (%) 0 (0) 2 (4.1) 2 (2.3)
 Non-invasive, n (%) 3 (7.9) 3 (6.1) 6 (6.9)
 Invasive n (%) 35 (92.1) 44 (89.8) 79 (90.8)
  1. N total number of patients, n number of patients, SD standard deviation, IQR interquartile range
  2. a2016 recalibration