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Table 1 Demographic variables for the patient groups with and without confirmed delirium (n = 485)

From: Validation of the SOS-PD scale for assessment of pediatric delirium: a multicenter study

Characteristic Patients without confirmed delirium (n = 437)
Number (%)
Patients with confirmed delirium (n = 48)
Number (%)
P value
Gender
 - Female 179 (40.9) 17 (35.4) 0.536
 - Male 258 (59.1) 31 (64.6)
Age (months)* 25 (8–100) 39.5 (16–125) 0.042
Age categories
 - 3–24 months 215 (49.2) 19 (39.6) 0.540
 - 2–5 years 70 (16.0) 8 (16.7)
 - 5–12 years 89 (20.4) 11 (22.9)
 - > 12 years 63 (14.4) 10 (20.8)
Reason for admission:
 - Respiratory failure 186 (42.6) 20 (41.7) 0.152
 - Cardiac (including cardiac surgery) 70 (16.0) 2 (4.2)
 - Postoperative (elective) 72 (16.5) 6 (12.5)
 - Infections 32 (7.3) 5 (10.4)
 - Trauma 26 (5.9) 4 (8.3)
 - Neurology 28 (6.4) 5 (10.4)
 - Others 23 (5.3) 6 (12.5)
Type of respiratory support
 - None 61 (14.0) 1 (2.1) <0.001
 - Oxygen 129 (29.5) 2 (4.2)
 - Non-invasive ventilation 15 (3.4) 1 (2.1)
 - Ventilated (conventional) 218 (49.9) 40 (83.3)
 - HFO-ventilation 14 (3.2) 4 (8.3)
Length of stay ICU (days)* 6 (4–10) 12 (7–20) <0.001
Severity of illness - PRISM III* 5 (1.0–9.5) 6 (1.0–12.0) 0.182
Died during ICU stay 11 (2.5) 1 (2.2) 1.000
Developmental delay 40 (9.2) 2 (4.2) 0.413
  1. PRISM Pediatric Risk of Mortality, HFO high frequaency oscillation
  2. *Median (IQR)