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Table 1 Pooled data on female trainees and specialist representation, and membership of critical care societies, in intensive care medicine from different geographic regions

From: Women in Intensive Care study: a preliminary assessment of international data on female representation in the ICU physician workforce, leadership and academic positions

Region/country Time period Proportion of female trainees/specialists in the workforce
North America
 Canada ( [32] 2015–2016 26.2% specialists
35% University of Toronto Paediatric and Adult CCM faculty
 USA ( 2011–2015 40% physicians who wrote American Board of Internal Medicine CCM certification examination
South America
 Argentina [33] 2010 43% physicians who completed CCM training
 Brazil [34] 2012 30.2% of specialists in ICM were women
 France ( 2012–2016 35% critical care trainees
 Ireland [35] a 2015 31.7% of specialists were women
 Scandinavia ( 2001–2017 42% enrolled in Scandinavian European Diploma in CCM programme
 Spain [36] 2014 Femininity indexb in critical care medicine 0.08
 UK ( 2015 33% physicians practising anaesthetics/CCM; 41% in age < 40 years group
 China 2017 46% Chinese Society of CCM members
 Indiac 2015–2017 32% trainees taking CCM—Part 2 examination
20% college of CCM members
 Israel [37] a 2011 22% of specialists were women
 Mozambique, Guinea and Cape Verde [38]d 2015 60% anaesthesiology and 29% internal medicine
 New Zealand [39] 2012 30% of trainees and 18% of specialists were women.
  1. In regions where clear numbers of trainees and specialists were not available, we have provided other relevant data relating to female participation in the ICM workforce. CCM critical care medicine
  2. aIn a number of countries, intensive or critical care medicine does not exist as an independent specialty. Patients are often managed by anaesthesiologists or internists and those figures have been reported when intensive or critical care medicine were not explicitly stated in the reports
  3. bRatio between the number of women and men in permanent medical positions in the specialties throughout the study period
  4. cPersonal correspondence with Dr Praveen Jain, Chairman, College of Critical Care Medicine, India
  5. dGrouped data reported for the three countries