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Table 2 Predefined outcome of included studies

From: Stress ulcer prophylaxis in intensive care unit patients receiving enteral nutrition: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Study/year GI bleeding Mortality Pneumonia CDI VAP Duration of MV Length of ICU stay
SUP Control SUP Control SUP Control SUP Control SUP Control SUP Control SUP Control
Alhazzani 2017 [18] 4/49 3/42 17/49 13/42 10/49 6/42 2/49 1/42 10/49 6/42 9 (5–17) 6.5 (4–14) 12 (8–23) 8.5 (6–18)
El-Kersh 2017 [29] 1/55 1/47 7/55 8/47 - - 1/55 3/47    4 (2.2–7) 5 (3–8) 6 (4–6.9) 7 (3.5–11.5)
Selvanderan 2016 [27] 3/106 6/108 30/106 25/108 12/106 8/108 1/106 0/108 12/106 8/108 21 (0–25) 21 (4–25) 6 (3–11) 7 (4–14)
Lin 2016 [28] 0/60 6/60 2/60 0/60 4/60 6/60 - - 4/60 6/60 - - - -
Ben-menachem 1994 [22] 10/200 6/200 45/200 19/100 25/200 6/100 - -    7.3 (8.9)/8.1 (1.1) 7.9 (9.6) 3 (2–8.5)/4 (2–9) 3 (2–8)
Apte 1992 [21] 5/16 6/18 11/16 7/18 11/16 7/18 - -    - - - -
Van den Berg 1985 [23] 5/14 1/14 - - - - - -    - - - -
  1. CDI Clostridium difficile infection, GI gastrointestinal, MV mechanical ventilation, SUP stress ulcer prophylaxis, VAP ventilator associated pneumonia
  2. Continuous data are given as median (25th–75th percentile), mean (standard deviation, SD)