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Table 1 Demographic and clinical characteristics of the study population

From: Retinal arterial blood flow and retinal changes in patients with sepsis: preliminary study using fluorescein angiography

  All included patients (N = 31) Patients with arterial filling time <8.28 seconds (n = 15) Patients with prolonged arterial filling time >8.28 seconds (n = 16) P value
Age, years 62.1 [50.6–75.8] 62.1 [50.6–78.0] 62.3 [52.3–73.8] 0.65
Sex, male/female 20/11 11/5 9/6 0.61
BMI, kg/m2 30.5 [25–36] 29.5 [23.6–33.6] 31.1 [26.1–35.9] 0.29
APACHE II score 22 [18–25] 20 [15–21] 22.5 [21.2–29.5] 0.049
APACHE score >25, n (%) 6 (19.4) 2 (13.3) 4 (25) 0.41
SAPS II 48 [43–59] 46 [42–59] 53 [46.2–61.7] 0.22
SOFA score at admission 8 [5–10] 7 [5–10] 8 [6.2–9.7] >0.9
SOFA score, maximum 10 [8–14] 10 [8–12] 12 [8.2–14.7] 0.12
Coronary artery disease, n (%) 7 (22.6) 2 (13.3) 5 (31.3) 0.23
Arteriosclerosis obliterans, n (%) 4 (12.9) 2 (13.3) 2 (12.5) 0.94
Diabetes dietary, n (%) 10 (32.3) 6 (40) 4 (25) 0.37
Chronic kidney disease, n (%) 2 (6.5) 2 (13.3) 0 0.13
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, n (%) 5 (16.1) 3 (20) 2 (12.5) 0.57
Operated, n (%) 6 (19.4) 5 (33.3) 1 (6.3) 0.172a
Mechanical ventilation, n (%) 30 (96.8) 14 (93.3) 16 (100) 0.48
ARRT, n (%) 11 (35.5) 5 (33.3) 6 (37.5) 0.81
Use of sepsis corticosteroid, n (%) 20 (64.5%) 10 (66.7) 10 (62.5) 0.81
Positive blood cultures, n (%) 10 (33.3) 6 (40) 4 (26.7) 0.44
Pneumonia, n (%) 9 (29) 4 (26.7) 5 (31.3) 0.78
Abdominal, n (%) 12 (38.7) 6 (40) 6 (37.5) 0.89
Genitourinary, n (%) 3 (9.7) 1 (6.7) 2 (12.5) 0.58
Soft tissue, n (%) 4 (12.9) 1 (6.7) 3 (18.8) 0.31
Unknown, n (%) 4 (12.9) 2 (13.3) 2 (12.5) 0.94
Endocarditis, n (%) 1 (3.23) 1 (6.25) 0 0.29
Delirium, n (%) 22 (71) 10 (66.7) 12 (75) 0.77
Cumulative fluid balance during angiography, ml 421 [−1502 to 3343] 1409 [−841 to 46 06] −620 [−1533 to 3015] 0.44
ICU LOS, survivors, days 7.6 [3.3–14] 5.9 [3.3–9.6] 7.8 [3.3–9.4] 0.72
Hospital LOS, days 20 [8.5–35] 22.9 [10.8–34.7] 19.3 [7.9–32.3] 0.49
ICU mortality, n (%) 3 (9.7) 2 (12.5) 1 (6.7) >0.9
30-day mortality, n (%) 4 (12.9) 1 (6.7) 3 (18.8) 0.32a
365-day mortality, n (%) 8 (25.8) 3 (20) 5 (31.3) 0.38a
  1. Abbreviations: APACHE II Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II, ARRT, Acute renal replacement therapy, ICU, Intensive care unit, LOS, Length of stay, SAPS II, Simplified Acute Physiology Score II, SOFA, Sequential Organ Failure Assessment, BMI, Body mass index
  2. a P value calculated using Fisher’s exact test