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Table 2 Number of patients and crude hospital mortality in studies in which outcomes were assessed for nighttime versus daytime discharge

From: Association between time of discharge from ICU and hospital mortality: a systematic review and meta-analysis

First author/publication year Total number of patients discharged Discharged during daytime, n (%) Discharged during nighttime, n (%) Crude hospital mortality among patients discharged during daytime, % Crude hospital mortality among patients discharged during nighttime, %
Santamaria et al./2015 [15] 10,211 8539 (83.6) 1672 (16.4) 4.8 7.4
Azevedo et al./2015 [31] 19,622 16,117 (82.1) 3505 (17.9) 8.8 11.8
Gantner et al./2014 [30] 710,535 601,151 (84.6) 109,384 (15.4) 3.6 6.4
Laupland et al./2011 [29] 5992 5333 (89.0) 659 (11.0) 5 9
Singh et al./2010 [10] 1871 1221 (65.3) 650 (34.7) 10.1 13.7
Hanane et al./2008 [13] 11,659 11,241 (96.4) 418 (3.6) 4.5 5.3
Laupland et al./2008 [12] 17,864 14,151 (79.2) 3713 (20.8) 5 12
Pilcher et al./2007 [9] 76,690 62,704 (81.8) 13,986 (18.2) 5.3 8
Tobin et al./2006 [8] 10,903 NA NA NA NA
Priestap et al./2006 [11] 47,062 42,290 (89.9) 4772 (10.1) 9 11.8
Duke et al./2004 [7] 1870 1578 (84.0) 292 (16.0) 4.3 8.2
Uusaro et al./2003 [14] 20,623 16,952 (82.2) 3671 (17.8) 9.8 11.5
Beck et al./2002 [6] 1654 1351 (81.7) 303 (18.3) 11.2 18.8
Goldfrad et al./2000 [5] 16,756 15,747 (94.0) 1009 (6.0) 13 18.1
  1. NA information not available